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Flashcards in What Is Wine Deck (27):
1

What is the process that turns grapes into wine

Alcoholic fermentation

2

What do sugar plus yeast produce

Ethanol plus carbon dioxide plus heat. This is the formula for alcoholic fermentation. Sugar+yeast=ethanol + carbon dioxide + heat

3

What is the common winegrape species

Vitis vinifera also called the wine grape

4

What is saccharomyces cerevisiae

The yeast usually use to ferment wine

5

What is the gas that makes bubbles and champagne and beer

Carbon dioxide

6

What are the three main acids found in wine grapes?

Tartaric, Citric and Malic

7

What part of the grape do the tannins come from

The skin seeds and stems of wine grapes

8

What is a tannin

A sensation of astringency. Astringency is best described as a drying out of the palate. Canon supply red wine with their structure. They add a degree of complexity

9

What is viticulture

The art and science of growing grapes for wine making.

10

What is pH of acid in wine

2.9 to 3.8

11

What is Terroir?

French word that describes the impact of the environment on a particular wine - the flavors that the vineyard itself will contribute to a wine

12

What is viniculture

The winemaking practices and procedures used to produce wine

13

What is the specific alcohol found in wine beer and spirits

Ethanol

14

The warmer the fermentation, the faster the yeast ferments. True or false

True

15

True or false. The tannins found in wine grapes serve to balance out the sugar.

False - acidity balances out the sugar or sweetness not tannins

16

What civilization developed advanced trellising systems?

Greek

17

Name four fortified wines

Port & Madeira from Portugal, sherry from Spain, and marsala from Sicily

18

What do they Bordeaux in England

Clarets

19

When was the innovation The cork introduced

In the 1600s, on introduction of the cork fortified wines stopped being necessary, many winemakers discontinued fortification

20

What was the name of the scientists proved that yeast cells actually were responsible for fermentation

Louis Pasteur

21

What is the name of the insect that nearly wiped out all the wine grapes in the world

Phylloxera - an aphid that is nearly microscopic. It feeds on the roots and leaves of grape vines.

22

WHat is the name of the scientist that discovered how to save wine grapes from phylloxera? Where did he make this discovery

Thomas Munson, of Denison, Texas. Discovered the proper rootstock to graft with the wine grape Vitis vinifera so that it could resist the insect phylloxera

23

What was the name of the tasting that changed the worlds view on winemaking in California? And on what date did that take place

The Spurrier Tasting or the judgement of Paris on May 24, 1976

24

Which procedure effective solved the problem of phylloxera

Graftingl

25

In what region did the wine grape origin begin

Mesopotamia or Iran & Iraq

26

What ancient culture spread wine through out Europe

The Romans

27

Who kept wine culture alive during the dark ages

The Catholic Church