Flashcards in Witchcraft and law enforcement Deck (30)
What had the growth of towns change law enforcement?
Communities and the authorities had to find new ways of enforcing laws, as the traditional methods became less effective.
Two continuity in law enforcement in 1500-1700.
1. Witness to crime are still expected to try and stop suspects or report them to be authorities.
2. Locals are still expected to join the hue and cry.
Three changes in law enforcement in 1500-1700.
1. Town constables introduced.
2. Night watch introduced.
3. No thief takers.
How much did London' population increase to by 1700.
How was law enforcement at the time in towns?
It was still left to local initiative ad was not nationally organised. This meant that standards varied greatly across towns and origins.
Three features of a night watchmen.
1. Carries a lamp to help with patrolling when its dark.
2. Take turns to patrol the local area between 10pm and dawn
3. Are unpaid volunteers who also have to do their normal jobs to earn a living in the day
Three features of a town constable.
1. Employed by the town authorities.
2. Expected to turn in serious criminals to the courts.
3. Helps with local administrative issues like collecting payments for road cleaning.
What happened to the thief taker?
The thief taker was paid a reward for catching a criminal and delivering them to the law.
Why was the thief taker method open to corruption?
Because some criminals also operated as thief takers and informed on rival criminal gangs to make money.
Who was the most infamous thief?
Why was Jonathan Wild famous?
He secretly led a gang of thieves who claimed rewards when they had handed in the stolen goods.
When was Jonathan Wild executed?
What was the punishment for crimes like fraud, selling goods for wrong prices,assault, breaking legal agreements and not going to church?
What was the punishment for begging and drunkenness?
Pillory or stocks.
What was the punishment for vagrancy, begging and theft?
How were prison conditions at the times?
They were very poor. Inmates had to pay he prison wardens for food and other basic needs like bedding.
Name a purposeful prison built in 1556.
What was Bridewell prison used for?
Used to punish poor people who had broken the law and to house poor children who were homeless.
How many capital crimes were there by 1688?
What happened to criminals as the penalties were severe?
Criminals could receive a pardon if they could prove their previous character or give others reasons why they should not be executed.
For who did 'plead for belly' be for?
Pregnant women condemned to death.
What were the transported prisoners asked to do?
Clearing trees or doing farm work.
How long did transported workers serve for?
How long did the transported workers who committed lesser crimes work for?
Why was transportation favored by the authorities?
It was seen as an effective deterrent.
England did not have effective prison system.
England wanted to establish permanent colonies in North America.
How much did historians estimate of the amount of people that were transported to America?
Between 50,000 and 80,000
How was the experience on board ship?
Conditions and in the colonies were extremely tough
What was the harsh attitude to law-making called?
'The Bloody Code'
What was the intention of the 'Bloody Code'?
Was to create a strong deterrent so that rime rates would be reduced.