word list 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in word list 3 Deck (100):
1

recalcitrant

顽抗的,桀骜不驯的
obstinately stubborn; determined to resist

2

incandescent

白热的,白炽的
strikingly bright; shining with intense heat

3

penury

贫穷,贫困
severe poverty; stinginess

4

mischance

不幸,灾难
ill luck

5

oblivious

不注意的;遗忘的
inattentive or unmindful; wholly absorbed

6

obtrude

强行,强迫;闯入;突出
push (oneself or one's ideas) forward or intrude; butt in; stick out or extrude

7

uninhibited

放荡不羁的,不受禁令约束的
unrepressed

8

clientele

顾客,常客
body of customers

9

arrears

拖欠,到期未付款
being in debt

10

repel

击退;使厌恶
drive away; disgust

11

pigment

颜料,色素
coloring matter

12

gruel

稀粥,燕麦粥
liquid food made by boiling oatmeal, etc., in milk or water

13

sovereign

极有效的;至高的;独立自主的
efficacious; supreme or paramount

14

shoddy

劣质的;廉价的
inferior; trashy; cheap

15

alcove

凹室,壁龛
nook; small, recessed section of a room

16

alloy

合金
a mixture as of metals
使……铸成合金;降级成色;使缓和
mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate

17

recant

撤回,放弃;撤回声明;公开认错
disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error

18

shirk

逃避,推卸
avoid (responsibility, work, etc.); malinger

19

impeach

弹劾,控告
charge with crime in office; indict

20

aversion

厌恶
firm dislike

21

detergent

洗涤剂,去垢剂
cleansing agent

22

abate

减少,减弱
subside; decrease; lessen

23

quack

庸医;骗子
charlatan; imposter

24

pterodactyl

翼龙
extinct flying reptile

25

rivulet

小河,小溪
small stream

26

destitute

贫困的,赤贫的
extremely poor

27

supplicate

恳求,哀求
petition humbly; pray to grant a favor

28

ape

模仿
imitate or mimic

29

magnitude

巨大,重大
greatness; extent

30

vanguard

前锋,先锋
advance guard of a military force; forefront of a movement

31

predetermine

预先决定,预先倾向
predestine; settle or decide beforehand; influence markedly

32

fauna

(某地或时期的)动物群
animals of a period or region

33

incorporate

收编,加入;结合,合并
introduce something into a larger whole; combine; unite

34

subjugate

使屈服,征服
conquer; bring under control

35

adverse

不利的,敌对的
unfavorable; hostile

36

diorama

逼真立体布景(或模型)
life-size three-dimensional scene from nature or history

37

heckler

激烈质问者
person who harasses others

38

increment

增加,增重
increase

39

ebullient

兴高采烈的
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm

40

calculated

有计划的;可能的
deliberately planned; likely

41

indolent

懒惰的
lazy

42

fissure

裂缝,裂沟
crevice

43

indoctrinate

以教条或信条的方式来教授,教导
instruct in a doctrine or ideology

44

trinket

小饰物,小摆设
knickknack; bauble

45

stealth

秘密行动
slyness; sneakiness; secretiveness

46

apogee

最高点,最远点
highest point

47

generate

产生;发生
couse; produce; create

48

preeminent

杰出的,卓越的
outstanding; superior

49

stifle

抑制,约束
suppress; extinguish; inhibit

50

connotation

内涵
suggested or implied meaning of an expression

51

array

部署,排列;着盛装;装饰
marshal; draw up in order; cloth; adorn

52

berserk

狂暴的
frenzied

53

matrix

母体,发源地;矩阵;模型,模具
point of origin; array of numbers or algebraic symbols; mold or die

54

vagrant

流浪者,无业游民
a homeless wanderer

55

paraphrase

意译,改述
rephrase; reword

56

redress

补救,补偿
remedy; compensation
set right; remedy or rectify

57

talisman

护身符,辟邪物
charm to bring good luck and avert misfortune

58

bawdy

下流的,猥亵的
indecent; obscene

59

spatial

空间的
relating to space

60

lament

为……悲痛,痛惜
grieve; express sorrow

61

acetic

醋的,乙酸的
vinegary

62

gruff

粗暴的,脾气坏的
rough-mannered

63

purchase

紧握,牢靠的立足点
firm grasp or footing

64

extant

尚存的,现存的
still in existence

65

perpetual

不间断的,持续的
everlasting

66

conspiracy

阴谋
treacherous plot

67

transcribe

誊写,抄录
copy

68

debonair

友善的,殷勤的
friendly; aiming to please

69

autopsy

尸体解剖,验尸
examination of a dead body; post-mortem

70

annul

废除,取消
make void

71

utopia

乌托邦,理想的完美境界
ideal place, state, or society

72

flourish

繁荣;茂盛;装饰
grow well; proser; decorate with ornaments

73

fetter

束缚;加脚镣
shackle

74

coiffure

发型,头饰
hairstyle

75

brooch

胸针
ornamental clasp

76

compliance

顺从,服从
readiness to yield; conformity in fulfilling requirements

77

inert

惰性的;迟钝的,迟缓的
inactive; lacking power to move

78

forebear

祖先,祖宗
ancestors

79

restitution

归还;赔偿;修复
reparation; indemnification

80

fresco

壁画
painting on plaster (usually fresh)

81

maritime

海的;航海的;海军的
bordering on the sea; nautical

82

lexicographer

词典编撰者
compiler of a dictionary

83

gnome

侏儒;土地神
dwarf; underground spirit

84

frantic

狂乱的,疯狂的
wild

85

lionize

把……奉为名人
treat as a celebrity

86

simian

类人猿的;猿猴的
monkey-like

87

duress

强迫,胁迫
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully

88

abnegation

抛弃,否认;自我克制
repudiation; self-sacrifice

89

apprehend

逮捕;担心;领会
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive

90

aggrandize

增强,扩大
increase or intensify

91

forthright

直率的;坦诚的
outspoken, straightforward; frank

92

prelude

前奏;先驱
introduction; forerunner

93

immutable

不可变的,永恒的
unchangeable

94

upshot

结果,结局
outcome

95

multifaceted

多层面的
having many aspects

96

pariah

社会的遗弃者
social outcast

97

decapitate

斩首
behead

98

tantamount

(在效果或价值上)与……相当的
equivalent in effect or value

99

cataract

大瀑布;白内障
great waterfall; eye abnormality

100

bivouac

露营
temporary encampment