Word List 42 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Word List 42 Deck (54):
1

decoy

someone or something used to lure or lead another into a trap

e.g. He had a decoy distract the guard.

2

defalcate

to embezzle (funds with which one has been entrusted)

e.g. The officials were charged with defalcating government money.

3

defray

pay

e.g. The grant helped defray the expenses of the trip.

4

demarcate

delimit
to set apart; distinguish

e.g. The plot of land is demarcated by a low brick wall.
demarcate teachers as mentor, master, and model teachers based on their level of education

5

deportment

the manner in which one conducts oneself; behavior

e.g. His stiff deportment matched his strict demeanor.

6

depredate

plunder, ravage

e.g. Superstitious thieves hang veils before the pictures of the room where they depredate.

7

depressant

a chemical substance that makes a body's systems less active.

8

depute

delegate

e.g. Several officers were deputed to guard the building.

9

deputize

to appoint as deputy
to act as deputy

e.g. I deputize for the newspaper's editor on the weekends.
He deputized a local citizen to take charge.

10

derangement

insanity

11

desideratum

something desired as essential

e.g. a list of political desiderata

12

desperado

a bold or violent criminal

13

despoil

to strip of belongings, possessions, or value; pillage

e.g. landscape despoiled by industrial development

14

desuetude

discontinuance from use or exercise; disuse

e.g. Despite the long years of desuetude, the old manual typewriter seemed to work just fine.

15

detract

divert
to diminish (oft. used with from)

e.g. detract attention
small errors that do not seriously detract from the book

16

dictum

a noteworthy statement

17

dipsomania

an uncontrollable craving for alcoholic liquors

18

disfranchise

to deprive of a right; disenfranchise

19

disport

divert, amuse
display
to amuse oneself in light or lively fashion; frolic

e.g. disported themselves with silly games
a full-service resort where vacationers may disport at a variety of indoor and outdoor activities

20

disquisition

a formal inquiry into or discussion of a subject; discourse

e.g. a lengthy disquisition on foreign policy

21

distrait

apprehensively divided or withdrawn in attention; distracted

e.g. He grew more and more distrait as hours passed without confirmation that where were survivors of the plane crash.

22

divagate

diverge, digress

e.g. divagate into an account of his travels

23

dock

to take away a part of; abridge; especially, to fine by deduction of wages

e.g. docked him for tardiness

24

dotage

a state or period of senile decay marked by decline of mental poise and alertness

e.g. He's now in that stage of his dotage where he has trouble remembering the simplest things.

25

dowdy

not neat or becoming in appearance; shabby
lacking smartness or taste
old-fashioned

e.g. a dowdy hat / a dowdy room
a dowdy institution

26

dowry

the money, goods, or estate that a woman brings to her husband in marriage
a gift of money or property by a man to or for his bride
a natural talent

27

dribble

trickle

e.g. Juice dribbled down his chin.
dribble wine on the carpet / dribble olive oil

28

drollery

- droll

e.g. The film's sophisticated drolleries elicit smiles and chuckles even upon repeated viewings.
Though generally serious, the novel about a seriously dysfunctional family is not without drollery.

29

dullard

a stupid or unimaginative person

30

dunce

a slow-witted or stupid person

31

ecdysis

the act of molting or shedding an outer cuticular layer

32

éclat

ostentatious display; publicity
dazzling effect; brilliance
brilliant or conspicuous success
praise, applause

e.g. The eclat of their reception, and the influence of the bribes, seemed to silence opposition to the scheme.

33

eclogue

a pastoral poem, usually in dialogue form

34

ecumenical

worldwide or general in extent, influence, or application
interreligious or interdenominational
including or containing a mixture of diverse elements or style

e.g. an ecumenical marriage
an ecumenical meal of German, Italian, and Chinese dishes

35

edict

a proclamation having the force of law
order, command

e.g. issue an edict banning public demonstrations

36

emasculate

to deprive of strength, vigor, or spirit; weaken
castrate

e.g. a meek husband emasculated by his domineering wife
Critics charged that this change would emasculate the law.

37

embankment

a raised structure used especially to hold back water or to carry a roadway

38

emblazon

to inscribe or adorn with or as if with heraldic bearings or devices
celebrate, extol

e.g. have his deeds emblazoned by a poet

39

emolument

the returns arising from office or employment usually in the form of compensation or perquisites

e.g. Tips are an emolument in addition to wages.

40

empyrean

the highest heaven; the true and ultimate heavenly paradise
also - empyreal

e.g. ascended into the empyrean after a life filled with good deeds
envision the empyrean that winning the lottery would bring about

41

endue

provide, endow
imbue, transfuse

e.g. professional soldiers endued with an ironclad sense of duty and honor
endued with an unquenchable optimism

42

ensnare

to take in or as if in a snare

e.g. The police successfully ensnared the burglar.

43

entrench

to place within or surround with a trench especially for defense
to place (oneself) in a strong defensive position
to establish solidly

e.g. entrenched themselves in the business
a father who entrenched in our minds the belief that hard work pays off

44

envisage

to view or regard in a certain way
to have a mental picture of especially in advance of realization

e.g. envisages the slum as a hotbed of crime
envisage an entirely new system of education

45

epicurean

fond of or adapted to luxury or indulgence in sensual pleasures; having luxurious tastes or habits, especially in eating and drinking
of or relating to an epicure

e.g. a person of epicurean tastes

46

estuary

a water passage where the tide meets a river current; especially, an arm of the sea at the lower end of a river

e.g. the deep estuary where the Hudson River meets the Atlantic Ocean

47

exceptionable

being likely to cause objection; objectionable

e.g. As long as the language is not exceptionable, people can discuss any topic they want in the chat room.

48

exchequer

treasury; especially, a national or royal treasury
pecuniary resources; funds

e.g. Their son would make beseeching requests for more money whenever his personal exchequer was getting low.

49

excogitate

to think out; devise

e.g. a master at excogitating reasons not to do her assignments

50

execrate

to declare to be evil or detestable; denounce
to detest utterly

e.g. She came to execrate the hypocritical values of her upper-class upbringing.
execrate the terrorists responsible for the bomb blast

51

exiguous

excessively scanty; inadequate

e.g. Computer equipment would be prohibitively expensive, given the rural school's exiguous resources.

52

expatiate

to move about freely or at will; wander
to speak or write at length or in detail

e.g. expatiate upon the value of the fabric

53

expatriate

banish, exile
to withdraw from residence in or allegiance to one's native country

54

expiate

to extinguish the guilt incurred by
to make amends for

e.g. permission to expiate their offenses by their assiduous labors