Word Structure Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Word Structure Terms Deck (15):
1

morpheme

the smallest meaningful part of a word

EX: cat, cat-s, un-happy

2

affix

a morpheme attached to the beginning or end of a root

3

prefix

an affix attached to the beginning of a root word

EX: re in redo, un in unkind

4

suffix

an affix attached to the end of a root word
(See inflectional ending and derivational suffix.)

EX: ing in discussing, less in useless

5

inflectional ending

a type of suffix that does not change a root word’s part of speech but does change its:
• tense
• number
• comparison
• person
EX: ed in jumped, s in dogs, est in fastest

6

derivational suffix

a type of suffix that changes a root word’s part of speech or grammatical role

ex: ly in swiftly, tion in projection

7

decodable words

words that are wholly decodable on the basis of the letter-sound and spelling-sound correspondences already taught

ex: dog, run, ship

8

contraction

a single word that results from combining two or more words; an apostrophe is used where a letter or letters have been omitted

ex: you're for you are

9

compound word

a word that functions as a single unit of meaning formed by combining two or more words

ex: doorway, bathtub

10

homographs

words with identical spellings but different meanings and sometimes different pronunciations

ex: bat and bat, read and read

11

homophones

words that are pronounced the same but differ in meaning and spelling

ex: weak and week, road and road

12

irregular plural

a plural form other than the addition of -s, -es, or -ies

ex: mice, leaves, deer

13

abbreviation

a short form of writing a longer word; typically is pronounced in full

EX: Mr. for mister
Ave. for avenue or CA for California

14

sight words

1) words that are taught as wholes because they are irregularly spelled (see below) or because the spelling-sound correspondences have not yet been taught
2) words that have been decoded enough times that they are recognized on sight, that is with little conscious effort

EX: they there could

15

irregularly spelled words

words that are not decodable in that the letter-sound or spelling-sound correspondences are uncommon or do not conform to phonics rules

EX: said, of, was, come