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NUR256- 2016 > Words > Flashcards

Flashcards in Words Deck (15):
1

What is MAOI?

Monoamine inhibitors (antidepressant)

2

What is SSRI?

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. (1st line treatment of antidepressants)

3

What is Sodium valporate?

It is the most popular mood stabiliser used.

4

What are antacids?

They are used in helping to ease stomach reflux and heartburn. The magnesium-aluminium combinations (Mylanta, Gaviscon) are among the most common antacids used by both individuals and health professionals alike.

5

What are suspensions?

Consists of a powder in water that requires shaking before application. (Example-calamine lotion)

6

What are aerosols?

Aerosol is a suspension of fine liquid or solid particles dispersed in a gas or in a solution.
Most aerosol drugs are commonly inhaled but some can be administered to the skin (as topical sprays) or body cavities (ear,nose, vagina)

7

Orphan drugs are those used to.....

treat, prevent or diagnose rare diseases and may not be commercially viable

8

What do bulk forming laxatives do?

- absorb water and increase the volume, bulk and moisture of the stool.

9

What do Faecal softening agents do?

- facilitate mixture of water and fatty substances within stool

10

What do stimulant laxatives do?

Promote accumulation of water and increase peristalsis in the colon by irritating nerves in the mucosa

11

What do osmotic and saline laxatives do?

Exert osmotic effect to increase volume of fluid in the lumen.

12

What do bulk forming laxatives do?

- absorb water and increase the volume, bulk and moisture of the stool.

13

What do Faecal softening agents do?

- facilitate mixture of water and fatty substances within stool

14

What do stimulant laxatives do?

Promote accumulation of water and increase peristalsis in the colon by irritating nerves in the mucosa

15

What do osmotic and saline laxatives do?

Exert osmotic effect to increase volume of fluid in the lumen.