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Cogniton In Clinical Contexts > Working Memory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Working Memory Deck (14):
1

Early distinctions

William James drew a distinction between primary and secondary memory

2

Primary memory

A portion of the present space of time
Conscious

3

Secondary memory

Genuine past
Unconscious

4

Atkinson and shiffrin's modal model of memory

A sensory stimulus triggers something, we attend to these things so it turns into short term memory. If rehearsed, it's kept in short term memory, if encoded, it will move to long term memory

5

Sensory memory

Sensations persist after the stimulus has disappeared but will rapidly decay

6

Visual info store

Iconic

7

Auditory info store

Echoic

8

Sperlings experiments

Presented a list of numbers, had to recall as many as possible. Subjects couldn't recall many, showing our memory is based on sensory memory
A tune was then played, a cue to aid each row. Memory fades quickly, evidence you take in more than you recall

9

Short term memory - capacity

Limitation to how much info you can hold - 7 items

10

Short term memory - coding

Orthographic - shape and patterns
Phonological - sound
Semantic - meaning

11

Phonological similarity effect

Letters that are similar are harder to recall as people get confused
People remember words with the meaning

12

Short term store - selective damage

People after tumour/stroke, will be impaired in the ability to remember strings of unconnected items but can do other tasks fine
Shows there is a seperate process which has a place in the brain

13

What is the short term store

What we are thinking about
Making decisions

14

Evidence against modal model of memory

Baddely found people could do more