Worksheet 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Worksheet 3 Deck (12):
1

Cytoplasm

Gel like material inside cell
Makes up most of inner cell volume
Full of organelles- structure that performs a specific function within the cell.
Organelles found inside the cytoplasm
-Ribosomes, golgi apparatus, mitochondria, lysomes cilia and fleselia, vesicles.

2

Ribosome's

Aid cell in protection creation
made of protein and ribonucleic acid molecules

3

Golgi apparatus

Stack of flattened membrane sacs
refine, packages and transports proteins created by the ribosome's

4

Mitochondria

Elongated fluid filled sacs
move through cytoplasm and reproduce by dividing
organelles housing enzymes
muscle cells are full of mitochondria
many diseases / conditions related to mitochondria dificens
Abnormal heart rhythms
not all cells have mitochan
red blood cells
muscles have high atp

5

Lysosomes

The garbage disposal of the cell
contain enzymes that destroy foreign particles and bacteria

6

peroxisomes

Membrane sacs
Abundant in liver and kidneys
Production of bile (stomach acid)
Detoxification of alcholol and hydrogen peroxide

7

Microfilaments and micro tubules

2 different threadlike strands found in cytoplasm
form cytoskeleton

8

Cilia and flagella

Tube like structures that form on some cells
Provide motion
either used to move substances/ fluids over and away from cell or used to provide motion in case of sperm cells

9

Vesicles

tiny fluid sacs pinched off to the membrane folding inward
Play a role in secretions

10

Cell nucleus

These genetic material (dna) - the hereditary material in humans and living organisms
the biological info contained

11

Chromatin

Fibers of dna

12

Chromosomes

a thread like strand of dns in the cell nucleus that carves the genes in a linear order