Flashcards in World History Chapter 3 Deck (38):
(4,000 BCE- 612 BCE) Home of the first civilizations
What was the first civilization in Mesopotamia?
What did Sumerians rely on for a plentiful harvest
annual floods that made the soil rich
What religion were the Sumerian People?
Polytheism which was a belief in many gods (3,000 in fact!)
What were Ziggurats
Religious temples that regulated trades as well as a storage place for surplus supplies
Priests held authoritative role through divine right
When was Cuniform invented and what was it?
Cuneiform was the Sumerian way of writing which was invented 3,000BCE and used wedge shaped impressions with reeds of clay on a tablet which were later dried
Who is the most lit flash card maker?
Yours truly, Felipe > <
What were cuneiform writers called?
Who was the first great writer who wrote Epics
Where were the first schools
What was Sumeria made up of
City states, which were each politically independent
and each had own government, king, and army D;
Tax Collectors were
What happened to the city states
They fought over food, land, and water which led to the downfall of Summeria
What was something super important the Sumerians invented?
The time system (60 secs= 1 min 60 min= 1 hour)
What was Mesopotamia's second great civilizations
Akkadia (2334-2279 BCE) Lead by King Sargon | who is considered the first great king
King Sargon United what
the City states of Sumeria
What happened around 1900 BCE
The Sumerian City states fell to a northern Rival, Babylonia
What language did Akkadians Speak?
A Systematic Language called dialects
Where did the Babylonians live?
The western half of the fertile crecent
Who was the most well known Babylonian leader?
Whomstdve'yall''n'th conquered Northern Sumerian Cities like Sumer and Akkad to create the Babylonian Empire around 1800 BCE
What is Hammurabi most famous for?
The list of 282 laws called Hammurabi's code (The first time laws were written out)
What were the laws in Hammurabi's code based off of?
"Eye for an eye" In where the punishment was as bad as the crime. However the punishment for the same crime varied depending on what class u were
n o s w e a r i n g o n m y c h r is ti a n s e r v er
What were some ancient cities of Mesopotamia
Plmyra, wassukanni, Hartra, Mari , Assur, Ninevah, Nuzi, Sippar, Babylon, Kish, Nippur, Isin, Ur, Uruk, Lagash, Charax- Spasinu
Who held the most power in the Patriarchal society of Mesopotamia?
Men and they could punish women and children .__.
When was Hammurabi's empire conquered and destroyed?
Hippity Hoppity get off my property
What was Assyria and when did it rise
One of the first new empires in Mesopotamia and it rose around 1400 BCE in what is now Iraq
Assyrians were very vulnerable to outside attacks and did what to protec themselves?
They trained to be skilled warriors and learned to atacc without waiting. They conquered lands from the Nile river and the Persian Gulf
Who was the important leader of Assyria
King Sargon the Second, Ruling from 722-705- BCE
What did kings rule with?
What did the Assyrians invent that we still kind of use today
A system of communications via horseback delivering letters which was basically ultra slow email
What was Assyria's capital city
England jk it was Nineveh and became a center of learning and housed one of the worlds first libraries
When did the Assyrians fall to the Medes, persians, and Scythians
When did Babylonians rise again?
612 BCE exept plot twist now they are under the Chaldeans who were masters of mathematics and astronomy
Whomstve discovered the other five planets
Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn
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