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Flashcards in World History Chapter 3 Deck (38):
1

Mesopotamia

(4,000 BCE- 612 BCE) Home of the first civilizations

2

What was the first civilization in Mesopotamia?

Summeria

3

What did Sumerians rely on for a plentiful harvest

annual floods that made the soil rich

4

What religion were the Sumerian People?

Polytheism which was a belief in many gods (3,000 in fact!)

5

What were Ziggurats

Religious temples that regulated trades as well as a storage place for surplus supplies

6

Theocracy was

Priests held authoritative role through divine right

7

When was Cuniform invented and what was it?

Cuneiform was the Sumerian way of writing which was invented 3,000BCE and used wedge shaped impressions with reeds of clay on a tablet which were later dried

8

Who is the most lit flash card maker?

Yours truly, Felipe > <
C
U

9

What were cuneiform writers called?

Scribes

10

Who was the first great writer who wrote Epics

Gilgamesh

11

Where were the first schools

Summeria

12

What was Sumeria made up of

City states, which were each politically independent
and each had own government, king, and army D;

13

Tax Collectors were

Priests

14

What happened to the city states

They fought over food, land, and water which led to the downfall of Summeria

15

What was something super important the Sumerians invented?

The time system (60 secs= 1 min 60 min= 1 hour)

16

What was Mesopotamia's second great civilizations

Akkadia (2334-2279 BCE) Lead by King Sargon | who is considered the first great king

17

King Sargon United what

the City states of Sumeria

18

What happened around 1900 BCE

The Sumerian City states fell to a northern Rival, Babylonia

19

What language did Akkadians Speak?

A Systematic Language called dialects

20

Where did the Babylonians live?

The western half of the fertile crecent

21

Who was the most well known Babylonian leader?

Hammurabi

22

Whomstdve'yall''n'th conquered Northern Sumerian Cities like Sumer and Akkad to create the Babylonian Empire around 1800 BCE

Hammurabi

23

What is Hammurabi most famous for?

The list of 282 laws called Hammurabi's code (The first time laws were written out)

24

What were the laws in Hammurabi's code based off of?

"Eye for an eye" In where the punishment was as bad as the crime. However the punishment for the same crime varied depending on what class u were

n o s w e a r i n g o n m y c h r is ti a n s e r v er

25

What were some ancient cities of Mesopotamia

Plmyra, wassukanni, Hartra, Mari , Assur, Ninevah, Nuzi, Sippar, Babylon, Kish, Nippur, Isin, Ur, Uruk, Lagash, Charax- Spasinu

26

Who held the most power in the Patriarchal society of Mesopotamia?

Men and they could punish women and children .__.

27

When was Hammurabi's empire conquered and destroyed?

1500 BCE
Hippity Hoppity get off my property

28

What was Assyria and when did it rise

One of the first new empires in Mesopotamia and it rose around 1400 BCE in what is now Iraq

29

Assyrians were very vulnerable to outside attacks and did what to protec themselves?

They trained to be skilled warriors and learned to atacc without waiting. They conquered lands from the Nile river and the Persian Gulf

30

Who was the important leader of Assyria

King Sargon the Second, Ruling from 722-705- BCE

31

What did kings rule with?

Absolute Power

32

What did the Assyrians invent that we still kind of use today

A system of communications via horseback delivering letters which was basically ultra slow email

33

What was Assyria's capital city

England jk it was Nineveh and became a center of learning and housed one of the worlds first libraries

34

When did the Assyrians fall to the Medes, persians, and Scythians

612 BCE

35

When did Babylonians rise again?

612 BCE exept plot twist now they are under the Chaldeans who were masters of mathematics and astronomy

36

Whomstve discovered the other five planets

Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn

37

S A A B

Starving (Sumerians)
Apes (Assyrians)
Attacked (Akkadians)
Bananas (Babylonians)

38

Winston

is fun