World Mythology Survey Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in World Mythology Survey Deck (16):
1

Generally, how do/did most Native Americans praise their gods?

Through dance, song, and trance

2

What are some mythological themes shared between distinct Native American tribes?

  •  All-powerful Great Spirit
  • Bond with nature
  • Respect for ancestors 

3

How was Native American mythology passed on from generation to generation?

through the oral tradition

4

What are some recurring symbols in Native American mythology?

  • seasons
  • animals
  • the elements

5

What are two popular themes in African mythology?

the creation of the world and the afterlife

6

What were the professional storytellers who preserved the oral tradition called in Africa?

griots

7

What is the role of the dragon in Chinese mythology?

  • powerful, godlike mythical creature
  • commander of all waters
  • assisted both heroes and gods

8

Who is Nüwa in Chinese mythology?

goddess who created mankind and who rebuilt the wall of heaven

9

Who was the Jade Emperor in Chinese mythology?

ruler who reigned over heaven, earth, and hell

  • granted rewards based on a merit system, the Jade Principles Golden Script
  • his rulings could be contested by elders

10

Which Mayan document contains creation myths centered on the Mayan Hero Twins?

Popul Vuh, known also as the Book of the Council

11

Name some themes in Mayan mythology.

  • creation of the world and mankind
  • apocalypse
  • union with nature
  • origin of the sun and moon

12

Who was the principal god in Mayan mythology?

Itzamná

  • commanded heaven, day, and night, along with all other gods
  • gave people resources for civilization, e.g. fire and writing
  • associated with healing

13

What are the three main written sources for Irish mythology?

  • Lebor na hUidre
  • Book of Leinster
  • Rawlinson Manuscript

14

Who was the Dagda in Irish mythology?

God and father figure who presided over all other Irish gods

  • powerful but compassionate
  • often depicted with a spear

15

Who was the Morrígan in Irish mythology?

Battle goddess known for her role in the Táin Bó Cúailnge, an epic tale of war

  • Also associated with fertility
  • Takes the form of animals, including a cow, a wolf, a crow, and an eel

16

What is the role of ancestors in African mythology?

Various beliefs for the souls of the dead:

  • Ancestors are born again through babies
  • Others become stars
  • They remain close to the living as protectors and guardians, etc.