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Flashcards in World War II Deck (28):
1

What is appeasement?

Yielding to an enemy's demands in order to maintain peace

2

Who was prime minister of Japan?

Hideki Tojo

3

What did Tojo do?

Increase militarism in Japan

4

What nation was Stalin the dictator of?

Soviet Union

5

What method did Stalin use as dictator?

Totalitarianism

6

What is totalitarianism?

A system in which the government controls all aspects of a society, including the economy.

7

Who was dictator of Italy and what method did he use?

Mussolini, facism

8

What is facism?

Extreme nationalism in which the state comes first and individual liberty comes second.

9

What method did Hitler use and what is it?

Nazism is the belief that Germans and other Nordic people were physically and morally superior to other races.

10

What did Rosie the Riveter represent?

All the real women who worked to support the war effort

11

What was Douglas McArthur in charge of?

The pacific theater

12

Who were the Tuskegee airmen? Why were they important?

First black combat unit, showed that blacks could do the same that whites could do

13

What countries made up the allied powers?

US, Great Britain, Soviet Union

14

What countries made up the axis powers?

Germany, Italy, Japan

15

What was the Munson Report and what did it find?

An investigation of the loyalty of Japanese Americans, it found that it was easy to be considered a suspect but not many actually were suspects.

16

What was he significance of the Korematsu vs. Supreme Court trial?

The Supreme Court said that they were right in putting Japanese Americans in Internment camps

17

Why were Japanese Americans interned during WW2? (4 reasons)

-racial prejudice
-war hysteria
-poor political leadership
-fear and anger towards Japan

18

What hardships did GI's face?

-had to leave their families
-fear of knowing they could die at any moment
-returned physically, mentally, or emotionally wounded

19

What opportunities did GIs have?

-benefitted minorities
-developed bonds and friendships
-massive sense of pride and nationalism

20

What does GI mean?

Government issued

21

What hardships did Mexican Americans face?

-lived apart from others in major cities
-had hostile relationships with whites
-couldn't go in the same movie theaters/drink from the same water fountains

22

What opportunities did Mexican Americans have?

-high paying industrial jobs
-able to join armed forces and prove their loyalty to America

23

What were the Zoot Suit riots?

Conflict between Mexican Americans and US Army. US army men attacked anyone wearing a zoot suit

24

What was the Bracero Program?

Program that gave Mexicans jobs so they'd come to America

25

What hardships did African Americans face?

-segregation in the military
-eat is separate mess halls and cook, clean, and hall supplies
-race riots

26

What opportunities did African Americans have?

-worked for defense industries
-became Tuskegee airmen
-moved up north

27

What was the Double V Campaign?

-campaign for a victory both at home and abroad

28

What did the War Production Board do?

Organize America's economy for war, manage the organization of industries from industrial to military power