Worlds Collide, 1450-1630 Flashcards Preview

APUSH Review > Worlds Collide, 1450-1630 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Worlds Collide, 1450-1630 Deck (40):
1

In 1620, the first agreement for self-government in America was signed by 41 men on the Mayflower, which set up a government for the Plymouth colony.

Mayflower Compact

2

Pilgrim (Separatist) leader who was governor of the Plymouth colony for 30 years. He helped develop private land ownership and helped the colony survive.

William Bradford

3

Separatists who believed that the Church of England could not be reformed, so they fled to America and settled in Plymouth in 1620.

Pilgrims

4

Non-separatists who wanted to purify the Church of England of Catholic rituals and settled in Massachusetts Bay colony in 1629.

Puritans

5

In 1629, King Charles gave the Puritans a right to settle and govern this colony, which established political freedom and a representative government.

Massachusetts Bay Colony

6

The national church of England founded by King Henry VIII, which included both Roman Catholic and Protestant ideas.

Anglican Church or Church of England

7

In 1629, led 1,000 Puritans to America to escape religious persecution and wanted to build an ideal Christian society.

John Winthrop

8

In 1630, persecution by King Charles I brought 25,000 Puritans to America to practice their religion.

Great Puritan Migration

9

This religion influenced both Pilgrims and Puritans, which rejected the authority of the Roman Catholic church and stressed predestination of every person. God chose who would be saved at birth.

Calvinism (John Calvin)

10

The church founded by the Puritans that stressed morality over church rituals.

Congregational Church

11

This company founded Virginia as a profit earning venture, but would eventually go bankrupt making Virginia into a royal colony.

Virginia Company

12

This system was used by the Virginia Company in which 50 acres of land was granted to any man who would bring a servant and emigrate to America.

Headright System

13

Helped found and govern Jamestown. His leadership and strict discipline helped the Virginia colony get through the difficult first winter.

John Smith

14

In 1619, John Rolfe (married Pocahontas) was an English settler who introduced this cash crop into Virginia, making it an economically successful colony.

Tobacco

15

In 1619, the first African slaves arrived in this American colony.

Virginia

16

In 1619, this became the first legislative body in colonial America, which would be adopted by other colonies.

House of Burgesses (Virginia)

17

A medieval inheritance law that awarded all of a father's property to the eldest son.

Primogeniture

18

Chief source of labor in the plantation economies of Virginia and Maryland. Workers sign a contract in which their passage to the colonies would be paid in exchange for 4-7 years of labor.

Indentured Servant

19

Most powerful Native American political alliance that consisted of five nations: Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk.

Iroquois Confederacy

20

During the years 1450-1600, there was a rebirth of classical learning, artistic and scientific activity, improvements in technology, and the wide use of the printing press.

European Renaissance

21

Exchange of foods, plants, animals, and diseases between the Europeans and Indians.

Columbian Exchange

22

Pope divides the Western Hemisphere between Spain and Portugal.

Papal Line of Demarcation

23

Spain got most of North and South America, while Portugal got parts of East Africa and Brazil.

Treaty of Tordesillas

24

First Spanish settlement in North America in 1565. (Florida)

St. Augustine

25

Southwest Indians rebelled against Spanish rule in 1680.

Pueblo Revolt "Pope's Rebellion"

26

This country originally colonized Canada.

France

27

French Protestants

Huguenots

28

This country originally founded New Netherlands (New York State) in 1609. New Amsterdam later becomes New York City.

Dutch

29

This nation conquered, ruled, and intermarried with Native Americans.

Spain

30

This nation settled Native American lands while also driving them away.

Great Britain

31

This nation looked for furs and converts among Native Americans, but also saw them as economic and military allies.

France

32

This country defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588, which allowed them to colonize the New World.

Great Britain

33

A type of colony that was owned and maintained by stockholders who pooled their money for the purpose of making a profit.

Charter Colony (Founded by a joint-stock company)

34

A type of colony financed and run by the king. The king also appointed a governor for the colony.

Royal Colony (Crown Colony)

35

A type of colony that was given to a wealthy person to alleviate the amount of money the king invested in the colonies.

Proprietary Colony (Land given by the king)

36

Founded by the Virginia Company (Joint-stock company) in 1607 and became the first permanent English colony in the Chesapeake Bay.

Jamestown

37

These two colonies were established around to Chesapeake Bay.

Virginia and Maryland

38

The voyage taken by African slaves on horribly overcrowded ships from Africa to the Americas.

Middle Passage

39

Britain's first attempt to settle North America by Sir Walter Raleigh occurred between 1584-1590, but ultimately failed.

Roanoke Colony

40

Puritan leader who wanted to build an ideal Christian society, which he referred to as "a city upon a hill"

John Winthrop