Flashcards in Worlds Collide, 1450-1630 Deck (40):
In 1620, the first agreement for self-government in America was signed by 41 men on the Mayflower, which set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Pilgrim (Separatist) leader who was governor of the Plymouth colony for 30 years. He helped develop private land ownership and helped the colony survive.
Separatists who believed that the Church of England could not be reformed, so they fled to America and settled in Plymouth in 1620.
Non-separatists who wanted to purify the Church of England of Catholic rituals and settled in Massachusetts Bay colony in 1629.
In 1629, King Charles gave the Puritans a right to settle and govern this colony, which established political freedom and a representative government.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
The national church of England founded by King Henry VIII, which included both Roman Catholic and Protestant ideas.
Anglican Church or Church of England
In 1629, led 1,000 Puritans to America to escape religious persecution and wanted to build an ideal Christian society.
In 1630, persecution by King Charles I brought 25,000 Puritans to America to practice their religion.
Great Puritan Migration
This religion influenced both Pilgrims and Puritans, which rejected the authority of the Roman Catholic church and stressed predestination of every person. God chose who would be saved at birth.
Calvinism (John Calvin)
The church founded by the Puritans that stressed morality over church rituals.
This company founded Virginia as a profit earning venture, but would eventually go bankrupt making Virginia into a royal colony.
This system was used by the Virginia Company in which 50 acres of land was granted to any man who would bring a servant and emigrate to America.
Helped found and govern Jamestown. His leadership and strict discipline helped the Virginia colony get through the difficult first winter.
In 1619, John Rolfe (married Pocahontas) was an English settler who introduced this cash crop into Virginia, making it an economically successful colony.
In 1619, the first African slaves arrived in this American colony.
In 1619, this became the first legislative body in colonial America, which would be adopted by other colonies.
House of Burgesses (Virginia)
A medieval inheritance law that awarded all of a father's property to the eldest son.
Chief source of labor in the plantation economies of Virginia and Maryland. Workers sign a contract in which their passage to the colonies would be paid in exchange for 4-7 years of labor.
Most powerful Native American political alliance that consisted of five nations: Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk.
During the years 1450-1600, there was a rebirth of classical learning, artistic and scientific activity, improvements in technology, and the wide use of the printing press.
Exchange of foods, plants, animals, and diseases between the Europeans and Indians.
Pope divides the Western Hemisphere between Spain and Portugal.
Papal Line of Demarcation
Spain got most of North and South America, while Portugal got parts of East Africa and Brazil.
Treaty of Tordesillas
First Spanish settlement in North America in 1565. (Florida)
Southwest Indians rebelled against Spanish rule in 1680.
Pueblo Revolt "Pope's Rebellion"
This country originally colonized Canada.
This country originally founded New Netherlands (New York State) in 1609. New Amsterdam later becomes New York City.
This nation conquered, ruled, and intermarried with Native Americans.
This nation settled Native American lands while also driving them away.
This nation looked for furs and converts among Native Americans, but also saw them as economic and military allies.
This country defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588, which allowed them to colonize the New World.
A type of colony that was owned and maintained by stockholders who pooled their money for the purpose of making a profit.
Charter Colony (Founded by a joint-stock company)
A type of colony financed and run by the king. The king also appointed a governor for the colony.
Royal Colony (Crown Colony)
A type of colony that was given to a wealthy person to alleviate the amount of money the king invested in the colonies.
Proprietary Colony (Land given by the king)
Founded by the Virginia Company (Joint-stock company) in 1607 and became the first permanent English colony in the Chesapeake Bay.
These two colonies were established around to Chesapeake Bay.
Virginia and Maryland
The voyage taken by African slaves on horribly overcrowded ships from Africa to the Americas.
Britain's first attempt to settle North America by Sir Walter Raleigh occurred between 1584-1590, but ultimately failed.