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Flashcards in Wounds Deck (11):
1

What is primary wound closure?

Suture wound closes immediately

2

What is secondary wound closure?

Wound is left open and heals over time without sutures.
It heals by granulation, contraction, and epithelialization over weeks (leaves a larger scar).

3

What is delayed primary closure?

Suture wound closes 3-5 days after incision (classically 5 days)

4

How long until a sutured wound epithelializes?

24-48 hours

5

After a primary closure, when should the dressing be removed?

POD #2

6

When can a patient take a shower after a primary closure?

Anytime after POD #2 (after wound epithelializes)

7

What is a wet-to-dry dressing?

Damp (not wet) gauze dressing placed over a granulating wound and then allowed to dry to the wound.
Removal allows for "microdebridement" of the wound.

8

What inhibits wound healing?

Infection, ischemia, diabetes, malnutrition, anemia, steroids, cancer, radiation, smoking

9

What reverses the deleterious effects of steroids on wound healing?

Vitamin A

10

What is an abdominal wound dehiscence?

Opening of the fascial closure (not skin).
Treat by returning to the OR for immediate fascial reclosure.

11

What is Dakin solution?

Dilute sodium hypochlorite (bleach) used in contaminated wounds