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MRS270 > Wrist > Flashcards

Flashcards in Wrist Deck (14):
1

FOOSH

Fallen On Out Stretched Hand

2

Hyperflexion

When the joint is flexed past the normal ROM (range of motion)

3

Snuffbox

Triangular depression on the lateral aspect of the dorsum of the hand located at the level of the carpal bones and best seen when hand is extended.

SIGN OF A SCAPHOID INJURY

4

AVN

AVascular Necrosis

Avascular = lack of blood supply
Necrosis = dead

Bones blood supply is damaged resulting in not enough oxygen getting to the cells so therefore necrotic/dying.

5

GAMP

General Anaesthetic Manipulation and Plasta

6

ORIF

Open Reduction Internal Fixation

Surgery to set/reduce broken bone using internal fixation such as plates, screws, pins

7

Post closed reduction

Procedure to set/reduce a broken bone without surgery

8

Colles #

A fracture of the distal radius with POSTERIOR displacement of the fragment.

Can involve ulna, can be comminuted

9

Smiths #

Fracture of the distal radius with ANTERIOR displacement of the fragment.

Opposite to Colles fracture.

10

Dinnerfork Deformity

Usually a colles fracture where the contour of the arm appears to follow the contour of a fork

11

Greenstick/Torus fracture

Greenstick - fracture of the bone where one side of the bone is broken and the other is only bent.

Torus - buckled, incomplete fracture of the shaft of the bone, bulging of the cortex.

Both only occur in children

12

Salter-Harris #

Fracture involving the epiphysis (growth plate)

13

Radio-carpal dislocation

Suspected radiocarpal dislocation and Colles fracture present clinically the same (differential diagnosis)

14

Scaphoid fracture

- PA with ulnar deviation
- PA oblique with ulnar deviation
- PA with ulnar deviation and 20 degrees cranial tube tilt
- lateral