WW1 Political Division Flashcards Preview

Kaiser to Führer 1900-18 > WW1 Political Division > Flashcards

Flashcards in WW1 Political Division Deck (10):
1

Burgfreide

Political truce at start, unanimously pass laws for necessary loans to finance war. Kept peaceful SD's happy, as WW1 was perceived as a defensive until 1916. Patriotic support.

2

Kaiser

Exerted no military/political control. Reduction in control, as Hindenberg and Lundendorff appointed head of Army with massive popularity from East victory, undermining authority.

3

Bethmann

Bethmann relied on Kaiser support led to reduction in power or chancellor and Reichstag, unable to resist military interference.

4

Silent Dictatorship

With threat of resignation they wielded huge power over economic, military and political affairs, where power lay for the last 2 years

5

Siegfreide

A victory peace, where Germany could use their war victory to claim a world power status. Split the Reichstag, as SPD believed it was a defensive war why need to expand.

6

Impact of Silent Dictatorship (SD)

War aims became apparent, conflicting opinions in the Reichstag, political parties less supportive of the policies. Conflicting interests Reich/Bethmann and Generals.

7

SPD

The policy of Siegfreide split the party and created the USPD and the voting of war credits, showing the growing polarisation.

8

Erzberger

Able to pass a peace resolution by 212-126 1917, he formed a majority in the Reichstag on a particular issue. Significant political unity in the silent dictatorship

9

Overall

Inability to produce a quick victory caused doubts over true war aims ↓ political unity. The Burgfreide united. SD conflicting interests no power from people, ↓ any unity Reich not required for rule.

10

Total Food shortage deaths

700,000 by end of war