Flashcards in WW1 Political Division Deck (10):
Political truce at start, unanimously pass laws for necessary loans to finance war. Kept peaceful SD's happy, as WW1 was perceived as a defensive until 1916. Patriotic support.
Exerted no military/political control. Reduction in control, as Hindenberg and Lundendorff appointed head of Army with massive popularity from East victory, undermining authority.
Bethmann relied on Kaiser support led to reduction in power or chancellor and Reichstag, unable to resist military interference.
With threat of resignation they wielded huge power over economic, military and political affairs, where power lay for the last 2 years
A victory peace, where Germany could use their war victory to claim a world power status. Split the Reichstag, as SPD believed it was a defensive war why need to expand.
Impact of Silent Dictatorship (SD)
War aims became apparent, conflicting opinions in the Reichstag, political parties less supportive of the policies. Conflicting interests Reich/Bethmann and Generals.
The policy of Siegfreide split the party and created the USPD and the voting of war credits, showing the growing polarisation.
Able to pass a peace resolution by 212-126 1917, he formed a majority in the Reichstag on a particular issue. Significant political unity in the silent dictatorship
Inability to produce a quick victory caused doubts over true war aims ↓ political unity. The Burgfreide united. SD conflicting interests no power from people, ↓ any unity Reich not required for rule.