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Flashcards in XII Deck (52):
1

What do direct hormones do?

Directly stimulate organs.

2

What do tropic hormones do?

Stimulate other glands..

3

Which type of hormones act as secondary messengers?

Peptides

4

Which type of hormones bind to receptors in DNA?

Steroids

5

Which type of hormone may bind to DNA or act as a secondary messenger?

Amino acid derivatives

6

Follicle stimulating hormone is produced by?

Anterior pituitary.

7

What does FSH do?

Stimulates follicles in reproduction and stimulates spermatogenesis.

8

What produces luteinizing hormone?

Anterior pituitary.

9

What does luteinizing hormone do?

Stimulates ovulation and testosterone synthesis

10

Adrenocorticotropic hormone is produce by?

Anterior pituitary

11

What does ACTH do?

Stimulates adrenal cortex to make and secrete glucocorticoids.

12

Thyroid stimulating hormone is produced by?

Anterior pituitary

13

What does TSH do?

Stimulates thyroid to produce thyroid hormones.

14

Prolactin is produced by?

Anterior pituitary

15

What does prolactin do?

Stimulates milk production and secretion

16

Endorphins are produced by?

Anterior pituitary

17

What do endorphins do?

Inhibit perception of pain in the brain.

18

Where is growth hormone produced?

Anterior pituitary

19

What does growth hormone do?

Stimulates muscle growth and lipolysis.

20

Where are hormones produced in the hypothalamus stored?

Posterior pituitary

21

Where is oxytocin produced?

Hypothalamus

22

What does oxytocin do?

Stimulates uterine contractions during labor and stimulates milk production

23

What is vasopressin also called?

ADH

24

Where is vasopressin produced?

Hypothalamus

25

What does vasopressin do?

Stimulates water reabsorption in the kidneys.

26

What are the thyroid hormones?

T4, T3, calcitonin

27

What do T4 and T3 do?

Stimulate metabolic activity?

28

What does calcitonin do?

Decreases blood calcium levels

29

What does parathyroid hormone do and where is it produced?

Increases blood calcium levels; parathyroid

30

Where are glucocorticoids produced?

Adrenal cortex

31

What do glucocorticoids do?

Increase blood glucose levels and decrease protein synthesis

32

Where are mineralocorticoids produced?

Adrenal cortex

33

What do mineralocorticoids do?

Increase water reabsorption in the kidneys

34

Where are epinephrine and norepinephrine produced?

Adrenal medulla

35

What do epinephrine and norepinephrine do?

Increase blood glucose level and heart rate.

36

Where is glucagon produced?

Pancreas

37

What does glucagon do?

Stimulates conversion of glycogen to glucose in liver; increases blood glucose levels

38

Where is insulin produced?

Pancreas

39

What does insulin do?

Lowers blood glucose level and increases glycogen stores

40

Where is somatostatin produced?

Pancreas

41

What does somatostatin do?

Suppresses secretion of glucagon and insulin.

42

Where is testosterone produced?

Testes

43

What does testosterone do?

Maintains male secondary sexual characteristics.

44

Where is estrogen produced?

Ovary and placenta

45

What does estrogen do?

Maintains female secondary characteristics

46

Where is progesterone produced?

Ovary and placenta

47

What does progesterone do?

Promotes growth and maintenance of endometrium

48

Where is melatonin produced?

In the pineal gland

49

Where is atrial natriuretic peptide produced?

Heart

50

What does atrial natriuretic peptide do?

Osmoregulation and vasodilation

51

Where is thymosin produced?

Thymus

52

What does thymosin do?

Stimulates T lymphocyte development