Flashcards in XII Deck (52):
What do direct hormones do?
Directly stimulate organs.
What do tropic hormones do?
Stimulate other glands..
Which type of hormones act as secondary messengers?
Which type of hormones bind to receptors in DNA?
Which type of hormone may bind to DNA or act as a secondary messenger?
Amino acid derivatives
Follicle stimulating hormone is produced by?
What does FSH do?
Stimulates follicles in reproduction and stimulates spermatogenesis.
What produces luteinizing hormone?
What does luteinizing hormone do?
Stimulates ovulation and testosterone synthesis
Adrenocorticotropic hormone is produce by?
What does ACTH do?
Stimulates adrenal cortex to make and secrete glucocorticoids.
Thyroid stimulating hormone is produced by?
What does TSH do?
Stimulates thyroid to produce thyroid hormones.
Prolactin is produced by?
What does prolactin do?
Stimulates milk production and secretion
Endorphins are produced by?
What do endorphins do?
Inhibit perception of pain in the brain.
Where is growth hormone produced?
What does growth hormone do?
Stimulates muscle growth and lipolysis.
Where are hormones produced in the hypothalamus stored?
Where is oxytocin produced?
What does oxytocin do?
Stimulates uterine contractions during labor and stimulates milk production
What is vasopressin also called?
Where is vasopressin produced?
What does vasopressin do?
Stimulates water reabsorption in the kidneys.
What are the thyroid hormones?
T4, T3, calcitonin
What do T4 and T3 do?
Stimulate metabolic activity?
What does calcitonin do?
Decreases blood calcium levels
What does parathyroid hormone do and where is it produced?
Increases blood calcium levels; parathyroid
Where are glucocorticoids produced?
What do glucocorticoids do?
Increase blood glucose levels and decrease protein synthesis
Where are mineralocorticoids produced?
What do mineralocorticoids do?
Increase water reabsorption in the kidneys
Where are epinephrine and norepinephrine produced?
What do epinephrine and norepinephrine do?
Increase blood glucose level and heart rate.
Where is glucagon produced?
What does glucagon do?
Stimulates conversion of glycogen to glucose in liver; increases blood glucose levels
Where is insulin produced?
What does insulin do?
Lowers blood glucose level and increases glycogen stores
Where is somatostatin produced?
What does somatostatin do?
Suppresses secretion of glucagon and insulin.
Where is testosterone produced?
What does testosterone do?
Maintains male secondary sexual characteristics.
Where is estrogen produced?
Ovary and placenta
What does estrogen do?
Maintains female secondary characteristics
Where is progesterone produced?
Ovary and placenta
What does progesterone do?
Promotes growth and maintenance of endometrium
Where is melatonin produced?
In the pineal gland
Where is atrial natriuretic peptide produced?
What does atrial natriuretic peptide do?
Osmoregulation and vasodilation
Where is thymosin produced?