Ya, which is usually an adverb but sometimes a conjunction, is one of those words whose meaning depends almost entirely on the context. Sometimes it doesn't have much of a translatable meaning, becoming a filler word -something like pues - adding a slight amount of emotional content to a sentence (although the exact nature of the emotional content may be difficult to determine out of the context).
The most common meanings of ya are "now" and "already," although it can even mean "later." Often, it signifies a slight amount of impatience, although it sometimes can indicate satisfaction or agreement with the person being spoken to. As you might have guessed, it's a word you'll come across more often in informal conversation than you will in formal writing.
Following are some examples of ya in use. Please note that many of the sentences given could be translated or understood differently, again depending on the context in which they're spoken and sometimes the intonation.
ALREADY (the most common meaning when used with a verb in a past tense):
I've already read it.
Lo he leído ya.
Ya, lo he leído!
By Monday I will have already seen it
I will see it on Monday
.El lunes ya lo habré visto.
El lunes ya lo veré
NOW (especially when describing an anticipated action)
She's here now.
They're leaving now.
Ya está aquí.
RIGHT NOW indicating urgency
RIGHT NOW indicating urgency
I want it right now.
You need to study right now.
Lo quiero ya.
Tienes que estudiar ya.
ANY MORE (especially when used in the negative):
He doesn't work here any more.
It (he) doesn't work here anymore
Ya no trabaja aquí.
No trabaja aquí ya
TO NOTE THAT A WISH HAS BEEN SATISFIED:
I got the job!
Now I understand.
¡Ya conseguí el trabajo!
TO INDICATE FRUSTRATION:
It's about time!
Ya está bien!
¡Ya era hora! (Imperfect tense)
TO INDICATE EMPHASIS:
I already know that!
¡Ya lo sé!
It's difficult, you'll see.
Es difícil, ya verás. (future tense)
.He didn't eat, which is saying something.
Él no comió, que ya es decir.
I'd love to be intelligent.
Ya me gustaría ser inteligente.
Me encantaría ser inteligente. ???
Later (to indicate something will happen in the indefinite future):
I'll get it done. (I will do it)
Ya lo haré! ---- (Future of HACER)
TO EXPRESS AGREEMENT (or, with an ironic tone, to express incredulity):
Oh, sure! Yeah right!
Yes, but it's difficult.
Ya, pero es difícil.
TO CALL ATTENTION TO SOMETHING:
(As/Since) - he's not here, we can leave.
Ya que no está aquí, podemos salir.
TO OFFER REASSURANCE:
You'll pass the test. (Future tense)
You'll see. (Future tense)
Ya aprobarás el examen.
I just want it.
Lo quiero ya.
Ya lo quiero.
I'm used to it by now. (no it used )
I am already used to it.
Ya estoy acostumbrado.
I've already tried it.
I have already tried it
Ya lo intenté.
Ya lo he intentado.
I need to know (it) now.
Necesito saberlo ya.
I know how it is.
Ya lo sé.
Ya estoy cansado.
I'm taking off now. I'm leaving now.
Me voy ya.
He is no longer a child.
Él ya no es un niño.
Since you're here, you can help me.
Ya que estás aquí, puedes ayudarme.
Show it to them. (Does not include "ya")
Muéstraselos. Muéstra-se-los. (se instead of lo los to avoid lo lo effect)
I am coming! ; -- Here I Come!
I am going!
Do it now!
Hazlo ya! Imperative 2nd Person
Enough! --- Enough is enough!
I have already had my supper. I have already finished dinner.
Ya cené. --- (Past tense)
Just forget it. Forget about that right now.
(Familiar imperative with "lo" tacked on)
Have you eaten dinner? Have you had dinner?
Have you eaten?
Get lost! Go away!
¡Vete ya! (Ve - te) Imperative informal of IR
Have you already finished? Have you finished yet?
It's started already!
Ya empezó! 3rd Pers Past tense
We are coming! We're coming!
We are going!
Ya Estamos viniendo
I already ate!----- I've eaten!
You're finished already.
Give it to me now!
I understand. (I understood, I get it)
I see. I see that.
I found you.
Ya te encontré.
Have you (Plural) finished yet? Have you finished already?
Ya habéis terminado?
As you (Singular Informal ) already know.
Como ya sabes.
I'm already ready. I'm already done. I am already prepared.
Ya estoy listo. Ya estoy preparado. Ya estoy preparada.
Can I leave now? May I leave now?
¿Puedo irme ya?
I've decided (it)
I have already decided.
Ya lo decidí.
Has Mike started yet?
Did Mike start already?
¿Ya comenzó Mike?
¿Comenzó Mike ya?
It doesn't matter anymore. That no longer matters.
Ya no importa.
Are you happy now? Are you satisfied now?
¿Ya estás contento?
Has he come yet? Has he arrived yet?
Ya llegó él?
He has already gone out?
Él ya ha salido?
Ya ha salido?
You'd better start now.------- (ya is used as now)
Mejor empiezas ya.
Are we almost there?
¿Ya casi llegamos?
It's already late!
it is too late!
Ya es tarde!
es tarde ya!