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Flashcards in Yoleaux Deck (73):
1

4th Growths of Margaux? How many? List 2nd Label wines if applicable

3
Ch. Marquis de Terme (Les Gondants de Marquis du Terme)
Ch. Pauget (La Tour Massac)
Ch. Prieuré-Lichine (Confidences de Prieuré-Lichine)

2

3rd Growths of St. Éstephe? How many? List 2nd labels

1
Calon-Segur (Le Marquis de Calon-Ségur)

3

in what year was Pessac-Leognan created?

1987

4

Name the 2nd Growths of Pauillac? How many? List 2nd labels

2
Ch. Pichon-Longueville au Baron de Lalande (Les Griffons de Pichon Baron
Ch. Pichon-Longueville-Comtesse-de-Lalande (Réserve de la Comtesse)

5

2nd Growths of Margaux? How many? List 2nd labels

5
Ch. Rausan-Ségla (Ségla)
Ch. Rausan Gassies (Gassies)
Ch. Durfort-Vivens (Vivens Rouge,)
Ch. Lascombes (Chevalier de Lascombes)
Ch. Brane-Cantenac (Le Baron du Brane)

6

Name the 2nd Growths of St-Julien? How many? List 2nd labels

5
Ch. Léoville-las-Cases (Le Petit Lion du Marquis de Las Cases)
Ch. Léoville-Barton (Réserve Léoville-Barton)
Léoville-Poyferré (Pavillon de Poyferré)
Ch. Gruaud-Larose (Sarget de Gruaud-Larose)
Ch. Ducru-Beaucaillou (Croix de Beaucaillou)

7

Name 3rd Growths of St.-Julien? How many? List 2nd labels

2
Ch. Lagrange (Fiefs de Lagrange)
Ch. Langoa-Barton (Château Lady Langoa)

8

Name 1st Growths of 1855 Classification w/ corresponding commune. List 2nd labels

Ch. Latour (Pauillac) (Les Forts de Latour)
Ch. Lafite-Rothschild (Pauillac) (Carruades de Lafite)
Ch. Mouton-Rothschild (Pauillac) (1973) (Petit Mouton)
Ch. Margaux (Margaux) (Pavillon Rouge)
Ch. Haut-Brion (Pessac-Leognan) (Le Clarence de Haut-Brion)

9

What are the Châteaux of 1er Cru Classé "A" of St-Emilion? How many?

4
Ch. Angelus
Ch. Pavie
Ch. Cheval Blanc
Ch. Ausone

10

How many Ch. were classified in 1855 class. of Médoc?

61 in Medoc
1 in Graves (now Pessac-Leognan)

11

What are the 3 Leovilles? Which commune?

Leoville:
-Poyferré
-Las Cases
-Barton

in St. Julien

12

2nd Growths of St. Éstephe? How many? List 2nd Labels.

Ch. Montrose (La Dame du Montrose)
Ch. Cos d'Estournel (Les Pagodes de Cos)

13

3rd Growths of Margaux? How many?

10
Ch. Giscours (Sirene de Giscours)
Ch. Kirwan (Les Charmes de Kirwan)
Ch. d'Issan (Blason d'Issan)
Ch. Malescot-St.-Exupéry (La Dame de Malescot)
Ch. Cantenac-Brown (BriO de Cantenac-Brown)
Ch. Palmer (Alter Ego)
Ch. Desmirail (Initial de Desmirail)
Ch. Ferrière (Les Ramparts du Ferriére)
Ch. Marquis d'Alesme-Becker (Marquise d'Alesme)
Ch. Boyd-Cantenac (Jacques Boyd)

14

Name 3rd growths of Haut-Médoc? How many? List 2nd labels

1
Ch. La Lagune (Moulin La Lagune)

15

5th Growths of Haut-Médoc? How many? List 2nd labels

3
Ch. Belgrave (Diane de Belgrave)
Ch. de Camensac (La Closerie de Camensac)
Ch. Cantemerle (Les Allées des Cantemerle)

16

5th Growths of Margaux? How many? List 2nd labels

2
Ch. Dauzac (La Bastide-Dauzac)
Ch. du Tertre (Hauts du Tertre)

17

4th Growths of Haut-Medoc? How many? List 2nd labels

1
Ch. La Tour-Carnet (Douves de Carnet)

18

5th Growths of Pauillac? How many? List 2nd labels

12
Ch. Pontet-Canet (Les Hauts de Pontet-Canet)
Ch. Batailley (none!)
Ch. Haut-Batailley (Chateau La Tour L'Aspic)
Ch. Haut-Bages-Liberal (La Chapelle de Bages)
Ch. Lynch-Bages (Echo de Lynch Bages)
Ch. Lynch-Moussas (Les Hauts de Lynch Moussas)
Ch. Croizet-Bages (La Tourelle de Croizet-Bages)
Ch. Grand-Puy-Lacoste (Lacoste Borie)
Ch. Grand-Puy-Ducasse (Château Artigues-Arnaud,)
Ch. d'Armailhac (nien!)
Ch. Pédesclaux (Fleur de Pédesclaux)
Ch. Clerc-Milan (Pastourelle de Clerc-Milon)

19

5th Growths of St Éstephe? How many? Name 2nd labels

Ch. Cos Labory (Le Charme Labory)

20

What are the only 3 changes to the 1855 Classification of Médoc?

1973 Mouton-Rothschild elevated from 2nd-1st growth
1856 Cantemerle added as a 5th Growth
Ch. Dubignon absorbed by Ch. Malescot-St.-Exupéry

21

4th Growths of St. Julien? How many? List 2nd labels

4
Ch. St. Pierre (nada huey!)
Ch. Talbot (Connétable de Talbot)
Ch. Branaire-Ducru (Château Duluc)
Ch. Beycheville (Amiral de Beychevelle)

22

4th Growths of Pauillac? How many? List 2nd labels

Ch. Durhart-Milan-Rothschild (Moulin de Duhart)

23

4th Growths of St. Éstephe? How many? List 2nd labels

Ch. Lafon-Rochet (Les Pélerins de Lafon-Rochet)

24

Top Pomerol Châteaux?

Ch. La Pin
Ch. Pétrus
Ch. La Fleur Pétrus
Ch. La Conseillante
Ch. Vieux-Château-Certan
Ch. Trotanay

25

What is Bouchet? Pressac?

Bouchet=Cab Franc in Pomerol
Pressac=Malbec on Right Bank

26

What are all 7 white varieties of Bordeaux?

Sauvignon Blanc
Sémillon
Ugni Blanc
Colombard
Merlot Blanc
Sauvignon Gris

27

List all 4 satellites of St. Emilion

Lassac
St. Georges
Montagne
Puisseguin

28

Name the communes of the Médoc N-S

Haut-Médoc
St. Éstephe
Pauillac
St. Julien
Listrac
Moulis
Margaux

29

What is the climate of Bordeaux? What bodies of water are climatically influential?

Maritime climate
Gironde and tributaries Dordogne and Garrone (also Atlantic Ocean) lead to high humidity and potential for good (botrytis) and bad molds

30

What are major soil types of Bordeaux by region?

Left Bank/Médoc=Gravel
Right Bank Pomerol=Clay over Iron Pan
Right Bank St. Emilion=Limestone/Gravel plateau

31

What are best recent vintages of Bordeaux?

00, 05, 09, 10, 15, 16

32

What are some classic vintages of Bordeaux in 1900s?

75, 78, 82** (epic), 85, 86, 89, 90, 95, 98 (better R Bank)

33

What is the Bordeaux Mixture?

Copper sulfate, lime, and water
spray to treat fungal/mold issues

34

Which commune of Médoc has the highest % of classified growths? How many?

Margaux (21)

35

Sauternes lies at the conflux of which two rivers?

Ciron
Garone

36

What is a traditional Bordeaux barrel called? What size is it?

Barrique
225L

37

What is the dry wine of Ch. d'Yquem?

Y (Ygrec) (not produced every year)

38

What are jalles?

drainage channels

39

What is the satellite vineyard of Pomerol?

Lalande-de-Pomerol

40

What are sub-districts of Graves?

Pessac-Leognan
Sauternes
Barsac
Cérons

41

What is the most planted grape of Bordeaux?

Merlot

42

When was classification system of St-Émilion introduced? What is it's major stipulation? How is it organized?

1955, revised every 10 years (ish), last in 2012
Premiers Grand Cru Classés "A" (4)
Premiers Grand Cru Classés "B" (14)
Grand Cru Classés (64)

43

What are boulbenes?

soil type of Graves (sand, gravel, clay)

44

What year did Ch. d'Yquem decide not to make any wine due to extremely poor season?

1992

45

What is Classification system of Graves? Which commune houses all the classified Château?

1959 Grand Cru Classés
all in Pessac-Leognan

46

What is the Classification system of Sauternes? How is it broken down?

1855 Classification of Sauternes
Premier Cru Supérieur (1)
Premiers Crus (11)
Deuxièmes Crus (15)

47

What is the only Premier Cru Supérier of Sauternes?

Ch. d'Yquem

48

Name several Premier Cru estates of Sauternes

Ch. Saudtiraut
Ch. Climens
Ch. Guiraud
Ch. La Tour Blanche

49

Name several Deuxième Cru estates of Sauternes

Ch. Doizy-Daëne
Ch. Doizy-Védrines
Ch. Caillou
Ch. Lamothe

50

Name some Classified estates of Graves for both Red and White

Red= Ch. Haut-Bailly, Ch. Malartic-Lagravière, Ch. Olivier, Ch. Smith-Haut-Lafitte
White=Ch. Carbonnieux, Ch. Olivier, Ch. Malartic-Lagravière, Ch. Laville-Haut-Brion

51

Name some notable St. Emilion Grand Cru Classes "B" estates

Ch. Beauséjour
Ch. Beau-Séjour-Bécot
Ch. Canon
Ch. Pavie-Macquin
Ch. Figeac
Clos Fourtet

52

Who owns Ch. Pontet-Canet?

Tesseron family (also of Tesseron Cognac)

53

Who owns Ch. Cheval Blanc?

LVMH

54

Who owns Ch. d'Yquem?

LVMH

55

Who owns Ch. Lagrange?

Suntory

56

Who owns Ch. Pape-Clemant? Who is the winemaker?

Bernard Magrez
MIchel Rolland consultant

57

Who owns Ch. Smith-Haut-Lafitte?

Daniel et Florence Cathiard

58

Which Ch. was historically part of Ch. Figeac?

Ch. Cheval Blanc

59

What is unique about the terrior of Ch. Cheval Blanc?

No limestone as in other St. Emilion Ch. Closer to Pomerol so more clay, gravel, then sand

60

How much of Ch. d'Yquem's production is declassified each year?

40-60%
At a 100ha estate, a crapload

61

What has recently changed about the aging regimen of Ch. d'Yquem?

as of 2009 only 2 year in barrel, previously 3-4

62

Who owns Ch. Figeac?

Malecourt Family

63

Who are two most famous consulting winemakers in Bordeaux?

Michel Rolland
Stephane Duranacourt

64

Who owns Ch. Fontplegade?

Denise and Stephen Adams

65

Who is winemaker for Ch. Pontet-Canet? What is he famous for?

Jean-Michel Comme
pioneer in biodynamics in Bordeaux, wife is a Bordeaux researcher

66

Who is winemaker of Ch. du Tertre and Giscours?

Alexander van Beek

67

Who is the consulting winemaker for every 1st Growth of Médoc?

Paul Pontallier

68

Who is the owner of Ch. Margaux

Corinne Mentzelopoulos (Greek mother and daughter)

69

What is related about the ownership of ch. Grand-Puy-Lacoste and Ch. Ducrubeaucaillou?

Both Borie family.
Bruno and sister own Ducru
other brother owns GPL
They all hate each other (salty about each others inheritances)

70

What other beverage brand is owned by the Borie family?

Lillet

71

Who is the winemaker for Ch. Palmer?

Thomas Duroux (the man)
heavy into experimentation and biodynamics
Archie Shep story

72

What are croupes? Tonneau?

gravel mounds in Medoc (unearthed by Dutch during drainage of 1600s)
900L barrels in Medoc

73

Who is responsible for the current classification of St. Emilion?

INAO