Flashcards in Zoonotic Disease Deck (46):
What is anthroponoses?
disease that people get from other people
T or F: 60% of all pathogens of human beings are zoonoses?
What are examples of zoonoses?
What is the "cost" of zoonotic disease?
cost in human health
economic cost such as treatment cost
T or F: Zoonoses are a global problem?
How does one prevent zoonotic disease?
prevention and control
What are some viral examples of zoonoses?
Colorado tick fever
What are some bacterial examples of zoonoses?
What are some parasitic examples of zoonoses?
What are some mycotic examples of zoonoses?
T of F: some zoonoses require more than one vertebrae species to maintain themselves?
What is taenia solium?
porcine cysticecosis (pigs eat eggs)
Human taenasis (human eats cysts in pigs)
Human cysticercosis (human eats eggs-brain cysts)
What is taenia solium neurocysticrcosis?
larvae cyst in brain, causes seizures and epilepsy
How is taenia solium transmitted to pigs?
contamination of feed, pasture or water with human feces
What is prevention of taenia solium?
proper cooking of pork
proper handing of raw pork
How does giardia spread?
consume cysts via water or surface contamination of food
What is prevention of giardia?
T or F: rabies is a acute, progressive encephalomyelitis
What is rabies caused by?
Lyssavirus is a subspecies that causes Rabies
What are rabies host?
T or F: only bats are capable of maintaing the rabies virus and not getting sick?
How can one prevent rabies?
surveillance, reduce animal reservior, vaccinate, education
What is the hantavirus?
enveloped ssRNA virus
What are the reservior of hantavirus?
What are causes of hantavirus?
rodents shed saliva, urine and feces
primary aerosol, inhalation
direct or indirect
secondary transmission via bite
What is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
fever, chills, headache
increased vascular permeability in lungs
What is hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome?
renal damage, hemorrhage and cardiovascular shock
What is anthrax?
spore forming bacteria
How does one contact anthrax?
inhalation of spores or contaminated fomites
What are three different types of human anthrax?
gastrointestinal, cutaneous and pulmonary
What are symptoms of anthrax in cattle?
bleeding from all orifices
What are postmortem signs of anthrax in cattle?
blood not clotted
spores in microscopy
lack of rigor
What is prevention of anthrax?
burn infected carcasses
inform health officals
What are resivoros for Brucella melitensis?
found in sheep, pigs, riendeer, dogs
What are resiviors for Brucella abortus?
bison, buffalo, elk, horses
What is brucellosis?
recurring fever for months
What is brucella transmitted?
mucous membrane exposure or through skin
found in blood, urine, semen, feces
How does one control brucella?
eliminate animal reservior
reduce public exposure
What is Borrelioses?
tick transmitted spirochetes
What are two groups of Borrelia that cause zoonotic disease?
What does lyme disease manifest as?
How is West Nile virus transmitted?
What are dead end host of West Nile?
horses and humans
T or F: after west nile infection, one develops life long immunity?
What are symptoms of west nile in horses?
ataxia, weakness, death