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Flashcards in Zoonotic Disease Deck (46):
1

What is anthroponoses?

disease that people get from other people
human reservior

2

T or F: 60% of all pathogens of human beings are zoonoses?

True

3

What are examples of zoonoses?

Rabies
Mycobacterium bovis
Yersinia pestis
Bacillus anthracis

4

What is the "cost" of zoonotic disease?

cost in human health
economic cost such as treatment cost

5

T or F: Zoonoses are a global problem?

True

6

How does one prevent zoonotic disease?

surveillance
prevention and control
occupational safety

7

What are some viral examples of zoonoses?

ebola
rabies
Colorado tick fever
influenza

8

What are some bacterial examples of zoonoses?

anthrax
leptospriosis
plague
salmonellosis

9

What are some parasitic examples of zoonoses?

giardia
toxoplasmosis

10

What are some mycotic examples of zoonoses?

dermatophytoses
histoplasmosis

11

T of F: some zoonoses require more than one vertebrae species to maintain themselves?

True

12

What is taenia solium?

porcine cysticecosis (pigs eat eggs)
Human taenasis (human eats cysts in pigs)
Human cysticercosis (human eats eggs-brain cysts)

13

What is taenia solium neurocysticrcosis?

larvae cyst in brain, causes seizures and epilepsy
self infection

14

How is taenia solium transmitted to pigs?

contamination of feed, pasture or water with human feces

15

What is prevention of taenia solium?

meat inspection
proper cooking of pork
proper handing of raw pork
hygiene
sewage treatment

16

How does giardia spread?

consume cysts via water or surface contamination of food

17

What is prevention of giardia?

water treatment
sewage treatment

18

T or F: rabies is a acute, progressive encephalomyelitis

True

19

What is rabies caused by?

RNA virus
Lyssavirus is a subspecies that causes Rabies

20

What are rabies host?

mammals

21

T or F: only bats are capable of maintaing the rabies virus and not getting sick?

True

22

How can one prevent rabies?

surveillance, reduce animal reservior, vaccinate, education

23

What is the hantavirus?

enveloped ssRNA virus

24

What are the reservior of hantavirus?

rodents

25

What are causes of hantavirus?

rodents shed saliva, urine and feces
primary aerosol, inhalation
direct or indirect
secondary transmission via bite

26

What is hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?

fever, chills, headache
increased vascular permeability in lungs

27

What is hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome?

renal damage, hemorrhage and cardiovascular shock

28

What is anthrax?

spore forming bacteria

29

How does one contact anthrax?

inhalation of spores or contaminated fomites

30

What are three different types of human anthrax?

gastrointestinal, cutaneous and pulmonary

31

What are symptoms of anthrax in cattle?

bleeding from all orifices
swelling
sudden death

32

What are postmortem signs of anthrax in cattle?

blood not clotted
spores in microscopy
rapid bloating
lack of rigor

33

What is prevention of anthrax?

animal vaccination
burn infected carcasses
inform health officals

34

What are resivoros for Brucella melitensis?

found in sheep, pigs, riendeer, dogs

35

What are resiviors for Brucella abortus?

bison, buffalo, elk, horses

36

What is brucellosis?

bangs disease
recurring fever for months
abortions occur

37

What is brucella transmitted?

mucous membrane exposure or through skin
found in blood, urine, semen, feces
feed/water contamination

38

How does one control brucella?

eliminate animal reservior
reduce public exposure

39

What is Borrelioses?

tick transmitted spirochetes

40

What are two groups of Borrelia that cause zoonotic disease?

lyme disease
relapsing fever

41

What does lyme disease manifest as?

joint pain
cardiovascular
neurological

42

How is West Nile virus transmitted?

mosoquito-bird-mosquito cycle

43

What are dead end host of West Nile?

horses and humans

44

T or F: after west nile infection, one develops life long immunity?

true

45

What are symptoms of west nile in horses?

ataxia, weakness, death

46

What are symptoms of west nile in humans?

mostly asymptotic