1/3/2017 Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1/3/2017 Test Deck (82):
1

Irony

Contrast between expectation and reality

2

Verbal irony

What is said is the opposite of what is meant

3

Situational irony

What happens is different from or even opposite of what we expected

4

Dramatic irony

We know something a character doesn't know

5

Why was the narrator insane in "The Tell-Tale Heart"?

He kept trying to give reasons as to why he was not, he also thought that his "disease" had helped him by heightening his senses

6

The narrator hated the old man because of his ______.

Eye

7

What was the irony in "The Tell-Tale Heart" when the narrator was sneaking into the old man's house

The old man had his shutters locked in fear of robbers when they should have been locked for murderers

8

In "war" what was the guy's job

Calvary/one who reports back who is after them

9

Provides background information about the characters, setting, and the situation (inciting incident) that frameworks and develops/introduces the conflict

Exposition

10

After the inciting incident, the conflicts and complications for the main character (protagonist) begin to build in intensity and complexity

Rising action

11

The _________ of the story occurs when the emotional tension and conflict becomes the most intense to create a turning pint of choices the protagonist must make that affects the outcome of the story

Climax

12

The ____________________ is the response and result of the actions and choices made during the climax, it works to help resolve the conflict

Falling action

13

The _____________ (denouement) is the final outcome of the story the "untying of the knot (French)" of conflict to reveal the central message or theme of the story

Resolution

14

Personality comprised of emotions, motivations, choices, relationship and experiences that move the plot forward through engaging in conflict (to build and to resolve) to reveal a greater message (theme) to the audience

Character

15

One dimensional personality (one trait/stereotype)

Flat character

16

Three dimensional (two or more traits)

Round character

17

Personality changes and grows through experiences

Dynamic character

18

Remains the same throughout the story

Static character

19

The character, or persona, that the author uses to tell a narrative, or story. ___________ may tell stories from several different points of view, including first person, second person (very rare), and third person

Narrator

20

A narrator who recounts only what characters say and do, offering not insight into their thinking or analysis of events, all interpretations are left to the reader

Objective narrator

21

__________ who is biased and doesn't give a full or accurate picture of events in a narrative, may be unreliable because of youth, inexperience, madness, intentional or unintentional bias or even a lack of morals. Authors often used this technique to distinguish the character's point of view from their own. Sometimes an author will use an unreliable narrator to make an ironic point.

Unreliable narrator

22

Character is developed through _______ and __________ characterization

Direct
Indirect

23

Narrator explicitly describes the appearance, motivation, history/background, emotions, and temperament of the character

Direct characterization

24

Author shows rather than tells us what a character is like through his or her actions, thoughts and words, as well as what other characters' perceptions and actions towards a character to be described

Indirect characterization

25

Main character

Protagonist

26

A character in conflict with the protagonist

Antagonist

27

A character that represents a "type" of personality

Stereotype

28

Contrasting character who possess the opposite personality traits of the protagonist to enhance the qualities of the protagonist that lead to the overall theme developed by the conflict

A foil

29

Two or more opposing forces that drives the plot forward through character to reveal the theme

Conflict

30

Opposition or tension between who characters or forces

External conflict

31

Occurs within the character

Internal conflict

32

Time and place that embodies a specific set of manners, mores, customs, rituals, and codes of conduct within a society the characters live

Setting

33

Set in historical era of a certain time and place

Historical context

34

May be established by time period or created by a fictional senses of time to exhibit the mores, manners, codes of expected social/individual conduct, and rituals to product a commentary on societal conventions and ideals

Cultural environment

35

Perspective through which a story is told

Point of view

36

Narrator relates the action using third-person pronouns (he, she, it). This narrator is usually privy to the thoughts and actions of only one character

Limited

37

Narrator is privy to the thoughts and actions of all the characters in the story

Omniscient narrator

38

Technique in which prose follows the logic and flow of a character's (can be multiple characters) thought processes, a more ordered narrative

Stream of consciousness

39

Central message conveyed through plot (everything in story)

Theme

40

Repetition of a consonant sound

Alliteration

41

Repetition of vowel sounds

Assonance

42

Feeling created in the reader by literary work

Mood/atmosphere

43

Nonhuman noun is given human qualities

Personification

44

Like/as is used to make a comparison

Similie

45

A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art

Allusion

46

Suggest events that have yet to occur, this technique helps create suspense, keeping readers wondering about what will happen next

Foreshadowing

47

The descriptive or figurative language used to create word pictures for the reader

Imagery

48

Carbine

A light, automatic rifle

48

Roan

A color pattern characterized by an even mixture of colored and white hairs

48

Scrub

Stunted trees or shrubs

48

Having a strong or sharp taste or odor

Pungently

48

Repugnant

Extremely distasteful; unacceptable

48

Verdigris

A bright bluish-green encrustation or thin layer formed on copper or brass by atmospheric oxidation

48

Reconnoiter

To make a survey

48

At full career

At full speed

48

Essayed

Tried

48

Myriad

A countless number of

48

Aperture

Opening

49

Agitation

Disturbance

50

Juxtaposition

Technique in which two or more ideas, places, characters are placed side by side in a narrative or poem for the purpose of developing comparisons and contrasts

51

Symbol

Anything that stands for something else

52

What forms of juxtaposition were used in War?

Death/human death death destination-farmhouse
Rebirth/hope of nature-orchard

53

What forms of juxtaposition were used in the Gift of the Magi?

Wealthy people (3 wise men) (3 poor people)

54

What allusions were in Gift of the Magi?

3 wise kings/magi, Queen of Sheba, king Solomon

55

What forms of imagery were in Gift of the Magi?

Gray and colorless setting is a direct contrast to the bright holiday colors of NYC

56

Dammit more Magi stuff: Okay, name all of the ways 3 was used.

3 wise men/magi
3 characters
3 gifts: gold, frankincense, myrrh
3: love, combs, fob
Queen of Sheba gave King Solomon 3 gifts
$1.87 is mentioned 3 times

57

Assertion

A statement

58

Flat

British term for apartment

59

Fob chain

Watch chain

60

Hashed

Old; overused

61

Idiocy

Stupidity

62

Illuminated

Clarified; explained

63

Imputation

Allegration

64

Inconsequential

Unimportant; minor

65

Instigates

Starts; begins

66

Longitudinal

Vertical lines

67

Mendicancy

The condition of being poor and a beggar

68

Parsimony

Frugality, thrift

69

Prudence

Caution; carefulness

70

Scrutiny

Intense observation

71

Sentiment

Feeling; opinion; thought

72

Why is setting used in stories?

Enhances:
Conflict
Mood
Contributes to symbolism