Disease Flashcards Preview

EVIT: Chapter 18 - Respiratory > Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Disease Deck (28)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

function of CPAP machine

A

creates positive pressure to prevent blockage

2
Q

define cyanosis

A

blue color of skin from decreased amnt of oxygen in blood

3
Q

define hypoxia

A

less than normal O2 in tissues

4
Q

define hypoxemia

A

less than normal O2 concentration in blood

5
Q

define suffocation

A

cessation of breathing

6
Q

define sinusitis

A

inflammation of nasal cavities from infection

7
Q

define epistaxis

A

nose bleed; injury to mucous membrane of nasal cavities

8
Q

describe asthma

A

bronchi narrow & spasm causing wheezing & cough; caused by exposure to allergen, cold temp, exercise, strong emotions

9
Q

define sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

A

death while sleeping in babies less than 1 yr

10
Q

define chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

A

group of lung disorders that stops airflow to airway & lungs

11
Q

chronic bronchitis

A

infection & inflammation of bronchi causing dry/wet cough for at least 2 weeks

12
Q

emphysema

A

alveoli lose elasticity causing dilation & for gases not to be exchanged well

13
Q

lung cancer

A

most common cause of cancer related deaths

14
Q

laryngeal cancer

A

high cure rate if caught early & linked to cigarettes & alcohol

15
Q

pleurisy

A

inflammation of pleura generally w/ infection (TB or pneumonia)

16
Q

pneumothorax

A

accumulation of air in pleural space

17
Q

hemothorax

A

blood in pleural space from penetrating chest wound

18
Q

describe upper respiratory infection

A

group of respiratory infections from virus/bacteria in nose/pharynx; s/s: sore throat, runny nose, fever, cough, sneeze

19
Q

croup

A

viral upper respiratory infection w/characteristic cough gen in kids less than 3 yrs

20
Q

respiratory syncytial virus

A

most common cause of lower respiratory tract infections in infants & young kids

21
Q

bronchitis

A

infection & inflammation of bronchi causing dry/wet cough for at least 2 weeks

22
Q

acute coryza

A

cold; respiratory infection from 1 of more than 200 viruses; s/s: inflamed mucosa of nose & throat & water discharge of nose

23
Q

influenza

A

disease caused by virus that spread to sinus & lungs; s/s: inflammation of upper respiratory & aches/pain

24
Q

pneumonia

A

inflammation of lungs where buildup of excessive moisture impairs breathing; caused by virus, bacteria, or chemical irritant

25
Q

tuberculosis

A

infectious disease generally in lungs that transmitted via air & caused by bacterial difficult to destroy

26
Q

allergic rhinitis

A

hypersensitivity to inhaled substances; s/s: watery discharge, sneezing, coughing, sore throat, headache, stuffy nose

27
Q

what is seasonal allergic rhinitis called

A

hay fever

28
Q

infant respiratory distress syndrome

A

condition in preemie that does not have enough surfactant in lung