Bordeaux Pt 11 - Classifications Flashcards

1
Q

In Bordeaux, are the vineyards or the producers or the wines ranked?

A

The estates/chateaux are ranked except in Graves where the wine is ranked.

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2
Q

What are the classification systems in Bordeaux?

A

Classification of 1855;
Cru Bourgeois;
Cru Artisan;
Graves;
St. Emilion.

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3
Q

Is the Bordeaux 1855 classification part of the AOC system?

A

No it is separate. It was created to provide price points in the Bordeaux Commodities Market.

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4
Q

Which sub-regions are included in the Classification of 1855?

A

Medoc and Sauternes.

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5
Q

Which other classifications exist in Medoc and Sauternes?

A

Cru Bourgeois and Cru Artisan.

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6
Q

How does the 1855 classification rank its chateaux?

A

It ranks chateaux from first through to fifth growth.

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7
Q

What is the basis of the 1855 Classification?

A

It reflects, by tiers, the price point at which the top wines in Bordeaux were selling in the 19th century.

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8
Q

What was the intention of the original Classification of 1855?

A

It was a reference guide for setting prices and/or paying taxes.

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9
Q

How many chateaux were ranked on the original 1855 document ?

A

87:
1 from Graves (Pessac-Leognan);
26 from Sauternes and Barsac;
60 from Medoc.

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10
Q

How many chateaux were ranked FOR RED WINES?

A

60 initially from the Medoc. There was one added as it was left off in error (Cantemerle).

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11
Q

How many Chateaux are on the 1855 list for RED WINES today?

A

There are now 61. In 1973 Chateau Moutin Rothschild was promoted form 2nd Growth to 1st Growth.

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12
Q

How were sweet wines categorised in 1855?

A

They were placed into 3 categories:
Premier Cru Superieur;
Premier Cru;
Deuxieme Cru.

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13
Q

What is the only sweet wine chateaux that carries the Premiere Cru Superieur label?

A

Chateau d’Yquem. It was the most expensive wine in 1855.

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14
Q

How many chateaux are classified in Sauternes and Barsac today?

A

There are now 27. Chateaux which split maintain their status.

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15
Q

How many chateaux are in each of the growths of Medoc 1855?

A

1st Growth: 5 (incl.1 in Pessac Leognan);
2nd Growth: 14;
3rd Growth: 14;
4th Growth: 10;
5th Growth: 18.

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16
Q

How many chateaux are in each of the categories of Sauternes and Barsac of 1855?

A

1 Premiere Cru Superieur;
11 Premiere Crs;
15 Deuxieme Crus.

17
Q

Which five chateaux are contained in the !st growth?

A

Chateau Latour; Lafite Rothschild; Mouton Rothschild; Margaux; Haut-Brion.

18
Q

Which communes contain the First growths?

A

Pauillac: Lafite, Latour, Mouton;
Margaux: Margaux;
Pessac-Leognan: Haut-Brion.

19
Q

How were dry white wines and Right Bank wines classified in 1855?

A

They weren’t and this is due mainly to their lack of stature at that time.

20
Q

Why was Cru Bourgeois introduced?

A

There were only a small % of MEDOC chateaux ranked in the 1855 Classification so it was introduced to reflect the other quality wines of the Medoc.

21
Q

When was Cru Bourgeois first introduced?

A

In 1932 with 444 Chateaux. It was not officially recognised.

22
Q

Why was the Cru Bourgeois list of 2003 short-lived?

A

It had 247 chateaux and those omitted complained and it was again stood down in 2007.

23
Q

How does Cru Bourgeois determine access to the classification?

A

Chateaux are assessed on taste and other factors such as viticultural and environmental practices. It is awarded for five years.

24
Q

When was the Cru Bourgeois status formally granted?

A

In 2020 on the 2018 vintage. This followed several years of standards being set and accepted.

25
Q

How many chateaux are currently in the Cru Bourgeois classifiaction?

A

249

26
Q

How many levels in the Cru Bourgeois Classification?

A

There are three:
Crus Bourgeois Exceptionnels;
Crus Bourgeois Superieur;
Crus Bourgeois.

27
Q

How often are Cru Bourgeois rankings reviewed?

A

Every 5 years.

28
Q

What is the Crus Artisans classification?

A

It recognises “boutique” wineries of quality that are entirely responsible for their own red wine production from vineyard to barrel to bottle.

29
Q

When was Cru Artisan introduced? How many are calassified?

A

Intorduced in 2018 for 36 Medoc wineries.

30
Q

When was Graves classification introduced?

A

In 1953 and revised in 1959. It remains unchanged since.

31
Q

Why is the Graves classification different from the others in Bordeaux?

A

It is the only one which ranks the wine not the estates.

32
Q

How many categories are there in the Graves Classification?

A

One only. They can be called Crus Classes de Graves or Grands Crus Classes de Graves.

33
Q

How many wines are ranked in Graves?

A

22 wines from 16 estates:
6 estates for Red and White;
3 estates for White wine only;
7 estates for Red only

34
Q

In which part of Graves are all of the Crus Classes located?

A

Pessac-Leognan

35
Q

When was St Emilion classifiaction established?

A

In 1955 and intended to be reviewed every 10 years.

36
Q

What are the levels in the St Emilion classification?

A

St Emilion AOC;
St Emilion Grand Cru;
St Emilion Grand Cru Classe;
St Emilion Grand Cru Classes ‘B’;
St Emilion Grand Cru Classes ‘A’;

37
Q
A