2014 vocab words Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2014 vocab words Deck (53):
1

brinkmanship

the practice of causing or allowing a situation to become extremely dangerous in order to get the results that you want

2

abattoir

a slaugherhouse

3

hotspur

a rash, impetuous person

4

uxorious

having or showing an excessive or submissive fondness for one's wife.

5

spoonerism

switching of the first letters or sounds of two words. like 'I need to shake a tower."

6

mondegreen

misunderstanding words of a song.

7

fillip

something that acts as a stimulus or boost to an activity. also, the flick of a finger.

8

equivocate

use ambiguous language so as to conceal the truth or avoid committing oneself.

9

olid

horrible smell. fetid.

10

tumid

swollen

11

prolepsis

anticipating and answering objections before they occur. also, representing something as having occurred before it actually has. "he was a dead man when he entered."

12

adscititious

an addition or supplement.

13

malinger

exaggerate or feign illness in order to escape duty or work

14

sophistry

the use of fallacious arguments, especially with the intention of deceiving.

15

estoppel

a special plea in bar, which happens where a man has done some act, or executed some deed, which estops or precludes him from averring any thing to the contrary.

16

indemnify

compensate (someone) for harm or loss.
"the amount of insurance that may be carried to indemnify the owner in the event of a loss"
secure (someone) against legal responsibility for their actions.
"the newspaper could not be forced to indemnify the city for personal-injury liability"

17

laches

unreasonable delay in making an assertion or claim, such as asserting a right, claiming a privilege, or making an application for redress, which may result in refusal.

18

escrow

a bond, deed, or other document kept in the custody of a third party, taking effect only when a specified condition has been fulfilled.

19

sardonic

mocking, sarcastic, satirical, ironic

20

despoliation

the action of despoiling or the condition of being despoiled; plunder

21

pastiche

imitate the style of (an artist or work). [noun or verb]

22

certiorari

a writ or order by which a higher court reviews a decision of a lower court

23

pro rata

proportional. (latin form changed to prorate)

24

sessile

fixed in one place; immobile

25

portmanteau

a large, usually two sided leather suitcase or trunk
or
a word or morpheme whose form and meaning are derived from a blending of two or more distinct forms (as smog from smoke and fog)

26

morpheme

the grammatical unit of a language. can be part of a word like a suffix or prefix. (the word 'unbreakable': un, and able are morphemes)

27

exophytic

tending to grow outward beyond the surface epithelium from which it originates—used of tumors

28

rede

to counsel. advise. explain. (verb and noun)

29

equanimity

mental calmness, composure, and evenness of temper, especially in a difficult situation

30

fungible

(especially of goods) being of such nature or kind as to be freely exchangeable or replaceable, in whole or in part, for another of like nature or kind.

31

cypriot

a native or inhabitant of Cyprus.
or
relating to Cyprus or its people or culture.

32

antiphonal

taking turns speaking or singing.

33

propinquity

the state of being close to someone or something; proximity.

34

polemic

a strong verbal or written attack on someone or something. (synonyms: diatribe, invective, rant, tirade, broadside, attack..)

35

solipsistic

extreme preoccupation with and indulgence of one's feelings, desires, etc.; egoistic self-absorption.

36

obstreperous

noisy and difficult to control.
synonyms: unruly, unmanageable, disorderly, undisciplined, uncontrollable, rowdy, disruptive, truculent.

37

panoply

a complete or impressive collection of things

38

wiseacre

a know-it-all.

39

cognate

related; connected.
or a word having the same linguistic derivation as another

39

Sagacity

acuteness of mental discernment and soundness of judgment.

40

obsequious

obedient or attentive to an excessive or servile degree.

41

soporific

tending to induce drowsiness or sleep, or a drug that does the same.

42

prolixity

means boring verbosity. means about the same thing as long-windedness.

43

excrescence

a distinct outgrowth on a human or animal body or on a plant, especially one that is the result of disease or abnormality. "an excrescence on his leg". or an unattractive or superfluous addition or feature of anything. "the new building was an excrescence". synonyms: eyesore, monstrosity, blot on the landscape.

44

littoral

of, relating to, or situated on the shore of the sea or a lake

45

banal

so lacking in originality as to be obvious and boring.
trite, vapid, platitudinous,

46

bathetic

Bathetic describes something that's overly sentimental, gushy, and worse yet — insincere. Soap operas are known for their bathetic emotionalism, because the characters cry and wail and scheme over the silliest things

47

embouchure

the way in which a player applies the mouth to the mouthpiece of a brass or wind instrument

48

eschaton

the final event in the divine plan; the end of the world

49

coruscate

to flash (light) or sparkle

50

apposite

apt in the circumstances or in relation to something.

51

consonance

agreement or compatibility between opinions or actions.

52

languor

the state or feeling, often pleasant, of tiredness or inertia. Syn: lethargy, listlessness, weariness, sleepiness, drowsiness