2.3 You Can Be an Informed Consumer of Psychological Research Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.3 You Can Be an Informed Consumer of Psychological Research Deck (14):
1

valid research

the conclusions drawn by the researcher are legitimate

2

Construct validity

refers to the extent to which the variables used in the research adequately assess the conceptual variables they were designed to measure

3

reliability

refers to the consistency of a measured variable

4

Statistical significance

refers to the confidence with which a scientist can conclude that data are not due to chance or random error

5

Statistical conclusion validity

refers to the extent to which we can be certain that the researcher has drawn accurate conclusions about the statistical significance of the research

6

Internal validity

refers to the extent to which we can trust the conclusions that have been drawn about the causal relationship between the independent and dependent variables

7

confounding variables

variables other than the independent variable on which the participants in one experimental condition differ systematically from those in other conditions

8

Confounding

occurs when a variable that is not part of the research hypothesis is “mixed up," or confounded with, the variable in the research hypothesis

9

experimenter bias

a situation in which the experimenter subtly treats the research participants in the various experimental conditions differently, resulting in an invalid confirmation of the research hypothesis

10

double-blind experiment

both the researcher and the research participants are blind to condition

11

external validity

refers to the extent to which the results of a research design can be generalized beyond the specific way the original experiment was conducted

12

Generalization

refers to the extent to which relationships among conceptual variables can be demonstrated in a wide variety of people and a wide variety of manipulated or measured variables

13

replication

the process of repeating previous research, which forms the basis of all scientific inquiry

14

meta-analysis

a statistical technique that uses the results of existing studies to integrate and draw conclusions about those studies

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