Why were rulers in south-west germany largely unhindered in their legal action or judicial moves by any higher authority?
Much of south-west germany consisted of very small government units so little higher authority to overrule them
some of the worst panics followed the aggressive restoration of Catholicism by counter-reformation prince bishops, why?
the ruling catholic prince-bishops saw persecuting witches as a way to demonstrate their piety and concern for order
Why was there pressure from below to take action against witches?
Witches were blamed for the cold and wet summers
What was the impact of the Thirty Years War?
Hardship, increased turmoil and fear, destabilising of local communities
Who was the prince-bishop of Würzburg between 1626 and 1631 who executed 900 people for witchcraft (including wealthier people, men, and children)?
Philipp Adolf von Ehrenberg
How might the argument that prosecutions can be explained by famine, plague, economic collapse and the threat of marauding armies be disputed?
witch hunting declined in the 1630’s when many communities in south-west germany faces these problems