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Flashcards in Paper 1 - Japanese Expansion Deck (17)
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1
Q

What was the importance of the Meiji restoration?

A

It was the unification and industrialization of Japan into a modern state.

2
Q

How did radical nationalism rise in Japan?

A

The new Meiji system emphasized loyalty to the emperor and the central government. Past isolationism also led to ultranationalism and some racism. Defeating Russia in 1904 also boosted self-esteem.

3
Q

What was the First Sino-Japanese War?

A

1894-1895. Manchuria eventually occupied by Japan.

4
Q

What sparked Japanese expansion in the 1920s?

A

Industrialism required more resources and the Zaibatsu pushed for military expansion.

5
Q

What happened to Japanese politics in the Taisho Era?

A

Fear of comm. led to radical fascism.

6
Q

What was the main cause for the deterioration of Jap-US relations between WWI and WWII?

A

The US put immigration restrictions on Japanese people in 1927.

7
Q

What was the Showa Restoration?

A

With the Great Depression furthering economic crisis, some suggest that Japan should look abroad for solutions.

8
Q

What were the main reasons for Japanese expansion?

A

Nationalism, militarism (ind. needed more resources), economy, defense (Manchuria as a buffer with USSR), and their history of expansion as a nation.

9
Q

What were the three phases of Japanese Expansion?

A

Manchurian Annexation, the 2nd Sino-Japanese War, and World War II.

10
Q

What was the Manchurian Crisis?

A

Chinese locals blamed for a (Jap.) explosion. This was used as a rationale for Japan to help the Manchurian people against the Chinese rebels. Chiang Kai-Shek allowed it and so Manchuria was occupied and Manchukuo was declared in 1933.

11
Q

What was the international response to the Manchurian Crisis?

A

The League denied its admission. No one really did anything about it because they were stuck with domestic issues as a result of the Great Depression.

12
Q

How did the League of Nations respond to the Manchurian takeover?

A

Investigation. Found that Jap. was organized but took it unlawfully. They asked Jap. to withdraw from Manchukuo. Jap. resigns from the League.

13
Q

What was the Second Sino-Japanese War?

A

Marco Polo Bridge Incident –> each side thought that the other fired first. Japan bombs coastal cities and marches towards the capital of Nanjing.

14
Q

What was the Rape of Nanjing?

A

Japanese soldiers began to massacre given the three all’s: kill all, burn all, and loot all.

15
Q

How did the 2nd Sino-Jap War impact Japan?

A

It took a lot longer than expected –> the economy was not prepared. Some questioned if it should continue or prepare for another conflict.

16
Q

How did Germany respond to the 2nd Sino-Jap War?

A

The tripartite pact between Jap, Italy, and Germany.

17
Q

Why did Japan attack Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941?

A

A US blockade seemed like a large threat and the negotiations over the embargoes placed on Japan would not do anything.