Lecture 15 - Darwin and Religion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 15 - Darwin and Religion Deck (10)
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1
Q

When did Thomas Henry Huxley coin the term “Agnostic”

A

1869

2
Q

When did Darwin begin to have doubts in Christianity?

A

1838

3
Q

Was Darwin a sceptic of Christianity on board the Beagle?

A

No. Darwin was orthodox to the beliefs of Christianity

4
Q

Did Darwin stop going to church after his daughter’s death?

A

No. But the date when he stopped going to church was not recorded

5
Q

Did Darwin lose his faith in Christianity after his daughter’s death in 1851?

A

No. Darwin was still reading books about religion in the 1850s. He already had doubts about his faith in 1838

6
Q

What evidence did Darwin give to support his loss of faith?

A

Comparative anthropology (cross-cultural studies)

Darwin travelled the world and he was aware of the myriad of religious beliefs around the globe

Realise that there are many false religions that were widespread around the globe – led him to wonder that just because his religion is widespread does not necessarily mean that is it the true religion

The gospels in the bible cannot be proved to have been written simultaneously with the events (different versions of the gospels differ in many important details – not convincing

He thinks that there is not enough evidence to prove that God exists

7
Q

Did Darwin have a sudden crisis of faith?

A

No. Gradually came to disbelieve in Christianity as a divine revelation

8
Q

When did Darwin die and where was he buried?

A

Died in 1882 in Westminster Abbey (most prestigious church in England) - given a state funeral. He died of heart trouble

9
Q

When was the theory of evolution accepted by the international scientific community?

A

The 1870s

10
Q

Common viewpoints in the 1870s to 1890s

A

God or a creator made the universe and the laws of nature which are so perfect that they need no further interference.

Darwin’s theory showed that biology too, like astronomy, chemistry, geology etc., was under the control of natural laws

Humans were descended from earlier beings just like all plants and animals