Abbreviations-Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abbreviations-Chapter 11 Deck (52):
1

a.c.

before meals

2

NG

nasogastric

3

NPO

nothing by mouth

4

p.c.

after meals

5

p.o.

by mouth

6

BE

barium enema

7

GB

gallbladder

8

Gl

gastrointestinal

9

BM

bowel movement

10

BMI

body mass index

11

BS

bowel sounds

12

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

13

or/o

oral cavity, mouth

14

stomat/o

mouth

15

uvul/o

uvula- soft mass that hangs in back of the mouth

16

pharyng/o

pharynx- throat

17

esophag/o

esophagus-transports food from pharynx to stomach

18

gastr/o

stomach-breaks food down and mixes with digestive juices

19

enter/o

small intestine-completes difestion and absorption of most nutrients

20

ileum

part of small intestine

21

ilium

the hip bone

22

col/o
colon/o

large intestine/ colon
absorbs excess water and prepares solid waste

23

proct/o
rect/o

controls secretion of solid waste

24

an/o

anus

25

hepat/o

liver

26

cholecyst/o

stores bile for later use

27

lapar/o
abdomin/o

abdomen

28

periton/o

peritoneum-membrane that lines the abdominal cavity

29

cheil/o

lips

30

gloss/o
lingu/o

tongue

31

digestion

pepsia and pept/o

32

dyspepsia

painful digestion

33

pyrosis "heartburn"

pyr/o-fever, fire
osis-abnormal conditions

34

water

H20

35

jaundice

yellow discoloration of the skin
caused by elevated bilirubin levels; liver not functioning properly

36

gingiv/o

gums- inflammation of the gums

37

aphagia

without swallowing

38

append/o
appendic/o

appendix

39

herni/o

hernia- protrusion through the body wall

40

lavage

to wash out (a body cavity)

41

regurgitate

the return of swallowed food into the mouth

42

emesis
or -emesis

vomiting

43

dysentery

an infection of the digestive system
causes severe diarrhea, bleeding, and abdominal pain

44

CT or CAT

computes (axial) tomography

45

abdominal ultrasound

high frequency sound waves used to visualize internal organs

46

anoscopy

visual examination of the anus

47

barium swallow (upper GI series)

use of barium to see upper portion of digestive system

48

Gi

gastrointesinal

49

Barium enema (lower GI series)

use of barium to view lower digestive system

50

anoplasty

surgical repair of the anus

51

colectomy

surgical removal of all our part of the colon

52

colotomy

surgical incision into the colon