Abbreviations- Chapter 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abbreviations- Chapter 15 Deck (52):
1

encephal/o

brain

2

cephal/o

head

3

crani/o

skull

4

cerebell/o

cerebellum-located in lower back of cranium
responsible for balance

5

cerebr/o

cerebrum-largest, upper- most portion of brain"thinking" part of brain

6

cognitive

our ability to think, learn, and memorize

7

mening/o
mening/i

layers around the brain and spinal cord

8

radic/o
radicul/o
rhiz/o

nerve root

9

mononeuropathy

condition that affects a single nerve

10

myel/o

spinal cord or bone marrow

11

neur/o

nerves- receives and transmits message to and from all parts of the body

12

sensory organs

ears, eyes, nose, skin (touch), tongue

13

anesthesiologist

without feeling specialist

14

esthesi/o

feeling

15

an

without

16

psychologist (not MD)

someone who specializes in mind and emotions

17

psych/o

mind, emotions

18

psychiatrist (MD)

specialist of the mind and emotions can prescribe meds

19

iastrist

specialist

20

iatry

study of

21

conscious

being alert, awake, aware and responsive

22

A&O

alert and orientated

23

syncopal episode

fainting spell
brief of loss of consciousness

24

LOC

loss of consciousness of level of consciousness

25

coma

deep state of unconsciousness
no response to pain, no speech

26

aneurysm

localized weak spot or balloon like enlargement of the wall of an artery
often fatal if ruptures

27

stroke

damage to brain that occurs when blook flow to brain is disrupted

28

TIA

transient ischemic attack
"little" strokes; warning

29

aphasia

without speech

30

phasia

speech

31

hyperesthesia

excessive feelings and sensations

32

convulsion, -ictul

seizure- sudden violent involuntary contraction of a group of muscles caused by a disturbance in brain function

33

preictal

time before a seizure

34

postictal

time after a seizure

35

CP

cerebral palsy

36

sciatica

pain affecting back hip caused by compression of the spinal nerve root in the lower back

37

paralysis
-plegia, paresis

loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movement

38

hemiparesis
hemiplegia

paralysis on one side of the body

39

paraplegia

paralysis of both legs and lower body

40

quadriplegia

paralysis of al four extremitties

41

ADD

attention deficit disorder

42

ADHD

attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

43

concussion

violent shaking or jarring of the brain

44

A+Ox3

alert and oriented times three

45

MS

multiple sclerosis

46

CAT

computed axial tomography

47

PERRLA

pupils are equal, round, responsive to light and accomodation

48

analgesic

drug that relieves pain without affecting consciousness

49

anesthesia

absence of normal sensation

50

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

51

EEG

electroencephalogram

52

HA

headache