Abbreviations-Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abbreviations-Chapter 7 Deck (24):
1

andr/o, M

male

2

balan/o

penis

3

epididym/o

epididymis
-duct that stores sperm and carries it to the vas deferns

4

orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o, test/o

testicle, testis
-produce testosterone and sperm cells

5

sperm/o, spermat/o

sperm

6

prostat/o

prostate gland
upper end of urethra; secretes fluid that aids in the movement of sperm

7

vas/o

vas deferens
-duct that carries sperm from epididymis to the urethra

8

BPH

benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
-non cancerous, excessive development of the prostate gland

9

cryptorchidism

cryt/o- hidden
orchid/o-testes
ism-condition
-undescended testicles; state of hidden testes.

10

Prostate Cancer

cancer of the prostate gland
-most commonly diagnosed cancer in men
-occurs later in life

11

PSA

prostate specific antigen
-blood test that measure for prostate cancer

12

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency virus
-a type of virus that causes AIDS

13

AIDS

-acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
-a disease that affects the body's immune system
-transmitted sexually, needles, or contaminated blood transfusions

14

STD/STI

sexually transmitted disease/infection

15

HPV

Human Papillomavirus
-STD that causes genital warts

16

TUR

transurethral Resection
Transurethral- through the urethra
Resection- surgical removal of

17

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

18

TURB

transurethral resection of the bladder

19

Coitus, copulation

sexual intercourse

20

circumcision

surgical removal of foreskin

21

DRE

Digital Rectal Exam
-the physician inserts a finger into the recctum and feels size and shape of prostate gland and feel the rectul wall

22

vasectomy

surgical removal of a portion of the vas deferens
results in male sterilization

23

sterilization

process that makes one unable to reproduce

24

infertility

the reduced or absent ability to produce offspring