Flashcards in abdomen Deck (28):
The transpyloric plane passes through ?
The L1 vertebra.
Pylorus, gallblader, neck and body of the pancreas, kidneys, duodenum
The linea Alba goes from to where ?
From the xiphoid to the pubis
The layers of the abdominal wall from superficial ?
2)Superficial fascia (Camber and scarpa)
4) internal oblique
5) traversus abdominis
6) fascia transversalis
7) Extraperitoneal fat
The scarpa fascia is continuous in the perineum with ?
Estructures that give rise the External oblique ?
1) Inguinal ligament with the lacunar ligament
2) Superficial inguinal ring
3) External spermatic fascia
4) Rectus sheath: external aponeurosis
The internal oblique gives rise to which important structures ?
1) conjoint tendon or falx inguinalis
2) rectus sheath
3) Cremasteric muscle and fascia
The conjoint tendon is formed by the combination of ?
Fibers of the internal oblique and the transversus abdominis , posterior to the superficial ring
the transversus abdominis gives rise to the espermatic fascias
TRUE OR FALSE
The fascia trasversalis gives rise to ?
* Deep inguinal ring
* INternal spermatic fascia
* Femoral sheath
* rectus sheath : posterior layer
What important structures are located in the extraperitoneal fat ?
The gonads, kidneys
Innervation of the abdominal wall ?
Skin and musculature: lower 6 thoracic spinal nerves and the iliohypogastric and ilioinguinal from the L1
Blood to the abdominal wall is mainly supplied by ?
superior epigastric artery (branch of the thoracic artery)
How many cm the inguinal canal measures?
What structures are inside the female inguinal canal ?
1. The round ligament
2. Ilioinguinal nerve (L1)
What structures compose the inguinal canal of the male ?
1) Ilioinguinal nerve (L1)
2) the spermatic cord
Which structures compose the spermatic cord ?
1. testicular artery
2. pampiniform plexus
3. vas deferens
4. autonomic nerves
in which nodes the testicles drain ?
In the lumbar (aortic) nodes
Patient which presents swelling of the testicles that increases while being on feet should think in ?
Metastasis from scrotum or penis cancers drain to ?
Superficial inguinal nodes
Which nerve is the responsible of the Cremasteric reflex?
Sensory: ilioinguinal nerve
Motor: genitofemoral nerve
The walls of the inguinal canal ?
Anterior: Aponeurosis of the external oblique and internal oblique
Roof: Fibers of the internal oblique and transversus abdominis
Floor: Inguinal ligament
Posteriior: Medially by transversalis fascia and lateral by the cojoin tendond
Which structure is responsible of guiding the testicles during their descendent ?
A congenital indirect inguinal hernia may be caused by ?
Persistent process vaginalis
Direct hernia are found lateral to the inferior epigastric vessels
True OR False
False, Are found medial
Which type of hernia is covered by three layers of spermatic fascia ?
Limits of the hesselbach triangles ?
Lateral: Epigastric vessels
inferior: Inguinal ligament
Femoral hernia diferentiate because their relationship with the inguinal ligament whic is ?
Superior to them