Abdomen, abdominal wall, peritoneum, and peritoneal cavity Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Exam 2 > Abdomen, abdominal wall, peritoneum, and peritoneal cavity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abdomen, abdominal wall, peritoneum, and peritoneal cavity Deck (84):
1

There are ___ abdominal quadrants divided by __ planes

4; 2

2

The two planes that divide the abdominal quadrants are the

transumbilical plane and median plane

3

The four quadrants are

RUQ LUQ LLQ RLQ

4

There are __ abdominal regions divided by __ planes

9; 4

5

The vertical planes that divide the regions are the

2 midclavicular planes

6

The horizontal planes that divide the regions are the

subcostal plane and transtubecular plane

7

The ___ separates the abdomen from the upper leg

inguinal ligament

8

The regions starting from the upper left are:

L hypchondriac, epigastric, R hypochondriac
L lumbar, umbilical, R lumbar
L inguinal, hypogastric/pelvic, R inguinal

9

The intercostal nerves going to the abdomen are from the

anterior rami

10

The layers of the abdominal wall from superficial to deep are

Skin- superficial fatty layer of subcutaneous tissue- deep membrane layer of subcutenous tissue- superficial deep tissue - external oblique - intermediate deep fascia - internal oblique - deep deep fascia - transversus abdominis - endoabdominal transversalis fascia - extraperitoneal fat - parietal peritoneum

11

The ___ lines the internal surface of the abdominal wall

parietal peritoneum

12

The ___ lines the outer surface of abdominal organs

visceral peritoneum

13

These connect organs to other organs or to the abdominal wall

mesenteries

14

In the embryo, the dorsal mesentery connects between the visceral and parietal peritoneum on the posterior side, and in the adult the dorsal mesenteries contain

blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatic vessels

15

The only two parts of the ventral mesentery from the embryo that remain in the adult are to the

liver and urinary bladder

16

The ___ goes down to the urinary bladder and contains the ___

median umbilical fold; urachus

17

The ___ are remnants of the umbilical arteries that are no longer functional

medial umbilical folds

18

The ___ are with the inferior epigastric a. and v. on the internal surface of the rectus abdominis muscle

lateral umbilical folds

19

The ventral mesentery from the liver to the abdominal wall is the

falciform ligament

20

Within the inferior portion of the falciform ligament is the ___, which was the umbilical vein of the fetus; the paraumbilical veins also travel with it

round ligament of the liver

21

This is posterior to the rectus abdominis m. where the aponeurosis of the EO, IO, TA run on top of the rectus abdominis

arcuate line

22

Above the arcuate line, the aponeurosis of ___ and __ run posterior to the rectus ab and the aponeurosis of ___ and ____ run anterior to the rectus ab

transversus ab and part of IO; part of IO and the EO

23

Below the arcuate line, the aponeurosis of ___ run anterior to the rectus ab

EO, IO, transversus ab

24

Hernias usually occur __ the arcuate line

below

25

A clinical sign of portal hypertension can be seen around the umbilicus as

caput medusa

26

The spermatic cord runs through the

inguinal canal

27

This is internal, the opening within the transversalis fascia

deep inguinal ring

28

This is the opening within the external oblique aponeurosis

superficial inguinal ring

29

The floor of the inguinal canal is formed by the

inguinal ligament

30

The internal oblique aponeurosis and transverse abdominis aponeurosis come together to form the

inguinal falx

31

The enlarged transversalis fascia posterior to the inguinal falx is the

iliopubic tract

32

Why do the testes descend?

to reach a cooler temperature for sperm production

33

The testes start out in the ___ and descend through the ___

abdomen; inguinal canal

34

The fibromuscular cord that attaches the gonads to their main organ is the

gubernaculum

35

The portion of the peritoneal cavity going down into the scrotum is the (between 7-9 mo. gestationally)

process vaginalis

36

What can occur if the process vaginalis does not close completely?

inguinal hernia--frequently congenital

37

The peritoneum around the testes in an adult

tunica vaginalis

38

In an adult male, the gubernaculum becomes the

scrotal ligament

39

In an adult female, the gubernaculum becomes the

ovarian ligament and the round ligament of the uterus

40

The ovary is connected to the uterus by the

ovarian ligament

41

The uterus is connected to the labia by the

round ligament of the uterus

42

The tube from the mouth to the anus

digestive tract

43

Organs that secrete fluid into the digestive tract or aid in mastication

accessory organs

44

The accessory organs that secrete fluid into the digestive tract are

salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancrease

45

The organs that function in mastication are

teeth and tongue

46

The lesser omentum is composed of what two ligaments

hepatogastric and hepatoduodenal

47

Attachment from the liver to the greater curvature of the stomach

hepatogastric

48

Attachment from the liver to the duodenum

hepatoduodenal

49

The greater omentum is made up of what 3 ligaments

gastrocolic, gastrosplenic, gastrophrenic

50

Attachment from greater curvature of stomach to transverse colon

gastrocolic

51

Attachment from the greater curvature of the stomach to the spleen

gastrosplenic

52

Attachment from greater curvature of the stomach to the diaphragm

gastrophrenic

53

The connection from the liver into the anterior wall of the abdomen is the

falciform ligament

54

The inferior portion of the falciform ligament contains the

round ligament of the liver

55

The area of the greater omentum where it folds over on itself and is filled with peritoneal fluid

omental bursa

56

The connection between the transverse colon and the posterior abdominal wall

transverse mesocolon

57

The connection between the small intestine and the posterior abdominal wall

mesentery proper

58

The connection between the sigmoid colon and the posterior abdominal wall

sigmoid mesocolon

59

The connection between the splenic flexure of the colon and the diaphragm

phrenicocolic ligament

60

The place where the visceral peritoneum of the liver is continuous with the parietal peritoneum on either the diaphragm or the posterior wall of the abdomen

coronary ligament

61

The connection on the right side where the coronary ligament connects to the parietal peritoneum over the right kidney

hepatorenal ligament

62

The portions of the coronary ligament folded over on itself on the right and left sides are

right and left triangular ligaments

63

The organs covered by visceral peritoneum and are attached to the abdominal wall or other organs by a mesentery are considered

intraperitoneal

64

The organs located on the posterior abdominal wall and are covered by the parietal peritoneum are considered

retroperitoneal

65

The organs inferior to the parietal peritoneum within the pelvis are considered

sub/infraperitoneal

66

The organs that were always retroperitoneal are

primarily retroperitoneal

67

Organs that were intraperitoneal during development but then moved retro are

secondarily retroperitoneal

68

The connection between the spleen and the kidney on the posterior abdominal wall

splenorenal ligament

69

The connection/area between the peritoneal cavity and the omental bursa is the

omental foramen

70

When an ulcer goes posteriorly, it enters the ___ and risks damaging great vessels

omental bursa

71

The only connection between the greater and lesser sac is the

omental foramen

72

The omental bursa is also the ___ region of the peritoneal cavity

lesser sac

73

The greater sac of the peritoneal cavity has 2 compartments:

supracolic and infracolic

74

The region anterior stomach and greater omentum

supracolic

75

The region with inferior and posterior greater omentum, transverse colon, transverse mesocolon, and down to the end of the parietal peritoneum

infracolic

76

The infracolic region has _ parts

4

77

The area of infracolic lateral to ascending colon

right paracolic gutter

78

The area of infracolic lateral to descending colon

left paracolic gutter

79

The area of infracolic medial to ascending colon

right infracolic space

80

The area of infracolic medial to descending colon

right infracolic space

81

The stomach, the first part of the duodenum, the jejunum, the ileum, the cecum, the appendix, transverse colon and sigmoid colon and their mesocolons, the upper 1/3 of the rectum, the liver, the spleen, and the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries are

intraperitoneal

82

The rest of the duodenum, the ascending colon, the descending colon, the middle 1/3 of the rectum, and the pancreas are

secondarily retroperitoneal

83

The kidneys, ureters, renal vessels, the gonadal blood vessels, the inferior vena cava, the aorta, and the suprarenal glands are

primarily retroperitoneal

84

The lower 1/3 of the rectum, the urinary bladder, the end of the ureters, the urethra, and the vagina are

infraperitoneal