Flashcards in Abdominal Emergencies Deck (103)
Posterior portion of pharynx
Like a deflated tube, allowing air to pass into trachea easily
Unable to dissolve food but helps transport
Occurs when too much positive pressure ventilation occurs and causes the esophagus to dialate and let air in impeding lung expansion
Transports food from mouth to stomach using rhythmic contractions
Veins intertwined around esophagus
Conversion of esophageal veins.
Transports venous blood from GI Tract directly to the liver for nutrients that have been absorbed.
No valves exist.
Doorway connecting esophagus and the stomach.
Called so because people that have regurgitation of acid from the stomach to the esophagus often feel as if they are having a heart attack
Secretes HCl acid to break down food.
Contracts and mixes it's food until smooth consistency achieved.
Water and fat soluble substances dissolved
Doorway between the inferior portion of stomach to the entry of the small intestine
Material that exits the pyloric sphincter
First part of small intestine.
Connects gallbladder, liver and pancreas to the digestive system.
Produces bile and stored in gall bladder.
Also can promote carbohydrate conversion.
Liver can convert glycogen into glucose.
Fat and protein metabolism occurs when blood flows through the liver.
Detoxifies drugs, break downs red and white blood cells, stores vitamins and minerals.
Enzyme that helps break down fats
Where 90% of all absorption occurs.
Water soluble and fat-soluble vitamins absorbed by diffusion into blood stream.
Three sections of Small Intestine
Duodenum ( last part of upper GI )
Jejunum ( first part of lower GI )
All nutrients have already been dissolved by small intestine and waste is now called feces.
Cecum, Ascending Colon, Transverse Colon, Descending Colon, Sigmoidal Colon, Rectum
MAIN role of Large Intestine is to complete the resorption of water to solidify stool. If hindered, this process causes diarrhea.
Time of Digestion
From mouth to anus takes 8 to 72 hours.
Fluid buildup in the abdomen
Normal bowel sounds
Occur 5-30 times a minute
Prolonged stomach growling indicating strong contractions of the intestines
Difficult to localize.
Describe as burning, cramping, or aching. Felt superficially.
Organ contracts too forcefully or is distended
Steady, achy pain. Easier to localize.
Pain increases with movement.
Caused by inflammation (bleeding or infection)
Localized pain, felt deeply.
Injury to tissue
Pain originating one place and occurring elsewhere.
Occurs after somatic, visceral and parietal pain.
Vitals standing and sitting to gauge hypovolemia
Pain management for abdominal Pain
Medications for nausea
Visatril 25-100mg IM