Alyssa Bellochi Personality Vocab 1 And 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Alyssa Bellochi Personality Vocab 1 And 2 Deck (61):
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Freud

Founder of psychoanalytic theory of personality

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Unconscious

The region of the mind that is beyond awareness, especially impulses and desires not directly known to a person

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Psychoanalysis

Emphasizes the use of free association, dream interpretation, resistances and transference to uncover unconscious conflicts

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Id

The primitive part of personality that remains unconscious, supplied energy, and demands pleasure

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Pleasure principle

A desire for immediate satisfaction of wishes, desires, or needs

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Ego

The executive part of personality that directs rational bx

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Reality principle

Delaying action or pleasure until it is appropriate

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Superego

A judge or censor for thoughts and actions

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Ego ideal

The part of the superego representing ideal bx; a source of pride when its standards are met

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Libido

The force, primarily pleasure oriented, that energizes the personality

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Fixation

A lasting conflict developed as a result of frustration or overindulgence
- unresolved issues in a stage of development will make you preoccupied with bx associated with stage of development

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Oral stage

The period when infants are preoccupied with the mouth as an erogenous zone

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Anal stage

The psychosexual stage corresponding roughly to the period of toilet training

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Phallic stage

The psychosexual stage when a child is preoccupied with genitals

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Oedipus complex

A boys sexual attraction to his mother, and feelings of rivalry with his father

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Electra complex

A girls sexual attraction to her father and feelings of rivalry with her mother

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Latency period

A period in childhood when psychosexual development is more or less interrupted

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Genital stage

Period of full psychosexual development, marked by the attainment of mature adult sexuality

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Jung:

Neo-Freudian, focuses heavily on the unconscious

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Personal unconscious

A mental storehouse for a single individuals conscious thoughts

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Collective unconscious

A mental storehouse for unconscious ideas and images shared by all humans

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Archetypes

A universal idea, image, or pattern, found in the collective unconscious

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Persona

The “mask” or public self presented to others

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Anima

An archetype representing the female principle

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Animus

An archetype representing the male principle

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Extroversion

Ego attitude in which energy is mainly directed outward

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Introversion

Ego attitude in which energy is mainly directed inward

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Rational individuals

One who is characterized by having good sense

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Irrational individuals

One who is characterized by not having good sense

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PERSONALITY VOCAB 2

VOCAB 2

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Adler

Neo Freudian who believes that we are governed by social issues not biological issues

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Compensation

Any attempt to overcome feelings of inadequacy or inferiority

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Inferiority complex

Intense feelings of inadequacy

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Horney

Humanist, believed all humans seek love from others

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Anxiety

Distress or uneasiness of the mind

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Neurotic trends

Apprehension felt when the ego struggles to control Id impulses

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Erikson

Psychosocial theorist, organized social development into 8 stages

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Rogers

Humanist theorist, proposes self theory

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Self actualization

When we reach our full potential and become what we are capable of being

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Fully functioning individual

When we combine what we should be with what we are

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Unconditional positive regard

A blanket acceptance in which parents make their children feel as if they are loved no matter what

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Conditional positive regard

When parents make their children feel as if they will only be loved if they attain something of importance

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Maslows hiearchy Of needs

Biological needs must be satisfied before psychological ones

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Trait theories

Theory that classifies, analyzes, and interrelating traits to understand personality

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Personality traits

A stable, enduring quality that a person shows in most situations

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Factor analysis

A statistical technique used to correlate multiple measurements and identify general underlying factors

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Big 5

Five broad domains of personality that are used to describe personality; openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, neuroticism

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Agreeableness

Being helpful, cooperative, and sympathetic towards others

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Conscientiousness

Exemplified by being disciplined, organized, and achievement oriented

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Openness

Reflected in a strong intellectual curiosity and a preference for novelty and variety

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Neuroticism

Refers to degree of emotional stability, impulse control, and anxiety

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Expectancies

An anticipation concerning future events, relationships or about the effect a response will have, especially regarding reinforcement

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Locus of control

The extent to which individuals believe that they can control events that affect them

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Self- efficiency

Belief in your capacity to produce a desired result

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Performance standards

Measured by solving puzzles, assembling objects, completing pictures and other non verbal tasks

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Personality assessment

The measurement of personal characteristics

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Objective tests

A test that gives the same score when different people correct it

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Sixteen personality factor questionnaire

A multiple choice questionnaire that attempts to try to discover and measure the fundamental traits of human personality

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Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory

One of the most frequently used personality tests in mental health. The test is used by trained professionals to assist in identifying personality structure and psychopathology

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Projective tests

A psychological test in which subjects perceptions of ink blots are recorded and then analyzed using psychological interpretation, complex algorithms, or both

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Thematic apperception test

A projective psychological test. It taps a subjects unconscious to reveal repressed aspects of personality, motives and needs for achievement, power and intimacy, and problem solving abilities