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Flashcards in Antibiotics Deck (22):
1

2 groups of antibiotics that work by inhibiting cell wall synthesis.

Beta lactams and glycopeptides

2

name 3 types of beta lactam.

penicillins
cephalosporins
carbapenems

3

Name 3 types of penicillin.

Benzylpenicillin
Flucloxacillin
Ampicillin/Amoxicillin

4

Give the uses of cephalosporins.

Staph. Aureus, step infections, Nisseriae, Haemophilus, coliforms.

5

Give the uses of carbapenems.

Enterobacteriae and anaerobic bacteria.

6

Give an example of a glycopeptide antibiotic

Vancomycin

7

Give the uses of benzylpenicillin.

Strep infections, pneumococcal pneumonia, Meningococcal meningitis

8

Give the uses of flucloxacillin

Staph. Aureus, Strep. Pyongenes

9

Give the uses of amoxicillin/ampicillin

UTIs, RTIs, Listeria meningitis, Enterococci infections.

10

Give the uses of vancomycin.

Sever staph infections - MRSA/ C.

11

Contraindications for benzylpenicillin & Flucloxacillin

Penicillin hypersensitivity

12

Side effects of benzylpenicillin& flucloxacillin

Hypersensitivity reactions

13

Contraindications of amoxicillin/ampicillin

Penicillin hypersensitivity

14

Side effects of amoxicillin/ampicillin

Nausea & vomiting

15

Contraindications of cephalosporins

Cephalosporin hypersensitivity

16

Side effects of cephalosporins

Antibiotic associated colitis

17

CIs of carbapenems

Breast feeding

18

SEs of carbapenems

^ platelet count and neurotoxicity at very high doses.

19

CIs of glycopeptides (vancomycin)

Renal impairments, history of deafness, pregnancy

20

SEs of glycopeptides (vancomycin)

Nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity (damage to ear - otto has hearing problems), blood disorders - neutropenia

21

Name antibiotic mechanisms that inhibit nucleic acid synthesis and names for each.

Inhibit folate synthesis - trimethroprim, sulfonamides
Inhibit DNA gyrase - fluoroquinoloes
Bind to RNA polymerase - rifamipicin
DNA strand breaks -Nitrodimazoles, Metronidazoles

22

Give the uses of trimethroprim

UTI