AP L&C Unit 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in AP L&C Unit 8 Deck (20):
0

allege

v

to assert without proof or confirmation
S: contend
A: prove
It was ALLEGED that Jonny didn't do his English homework, even though he actually did.

1

arrant

adj

thoroughgoing, out-and-out; shameless, blatant
S: egregious
Even though Tyler is a BLATANT lover of macaroni and cheese, nobody knows of his love for that food.

2

badinage

n

light and playful conversation
S: banter
A: sermon
On days where after-school activities go until 10pm, I can get so tired that simple BADINAGE is impossible.

3

conciliate

v

to overcome the distrust of, win over; to appease, pacify; to reconcile, make consistent
S: mollify
A: alienate
It took a while, but Annie finally CONCILIATED her mother two months after she was grounded for life.

4

countermand

v

to cancel or reverse one order or command with another that is contrary to the first
S: recall
A: reaffirm
Mike asked me to get a water bottle, and then literally two seconds later COUNTERMANDED that with "Never mind, I already have one."

5

eschelon

n

one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a steplike formation of arrangement
S: rank
When you have completed twelve ECHELONS of school, you graduate.

6

exacerbate

v

to make more violent, severe, bitter, or painful
S: worsen
A: alleviate
Putting lemon on a cut often EXACERBATES the pain.

7

fatuous

adj

stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way
S: silly
A: intelligent
It is impolite to be FATUOUS at a funeral.

8

irrefutable

adj

impossible to disprove; beyond argument
S: indisputable
A: disputable
It is IRREFUTABLE that Paulina has a particularly peculiar laugh.

9

juggernaut

n

a massive and inescapable force or object that crushes whatever is in its path
S: inescapable force
The huge boulder was a JUGGERNAUT that came crushing down the street.

10

lackadaisical

adj

lacking spirit or interest, half-hearted
S: indolent
A: energetic
Don't be LACKADAISICAL when it comes to your work because it will all pay off in the end.

11

litany

n

a prayer consisting of short appeals to God recored by the leader alternating with responses from the congregation; any repetitive chant; a long list
S: catalog
The annoying lady on the street had a LITANY of complaints.

12

macabre

adj

grisly, gruesome; horrible, distressing; having death as a subject
S: ghoulish
I cannot stand MACABRE movies: they never fail to disturb me.

13

paucity

n

an inadequate quantity, scarcity, dearth
S: dearth
A: glut
There was a PAUCITY of food in my house so I went out to get food.

14

portend

v

to indicate beforehand that something is about to happen, to give advance warning of
S: foretell
The gloomy weather PORTENDED the upcoming storm.

15

raze

v

to tear down, destroy completely; to cut or scrape off or out
S: demolish
A: construct
The building was completely RAZED by the fire.

16

recant

v

to withdraw a statement or belief to which one has previously been committed, renounce, retract
S: repudiate
A: reassert
Bill Clinton RECANTED his statement that he was not with Monica Lewinsky because that was a lie.

17

saturate

v

to soak thoroughly, fill to capacity; to satisfy fully
S: imbue
A: drain
The paper was SATURATED after it was left outside in the storm.

18

saturnine

adj

of a gloomy or surly disposition; cold or sluggish in mood
S: morose
A: cheerful
After a week of sunshine, I was not prepared for the SATURNINE weather of today.

19

slough

v/n

(v) to cast off, discard; to get rid of something objectionable or unnecessary; to plod through as if through mud
(n) a mire; a state of depression
S: slog
A: acquire
SLOUGH off your bad behavior before you enter my room again, young man.