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Flashcards in Breeds & Types Deck (134):
1

What is a horse called that is unregistered and has unknown ancestry?

A grade horse

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 137)

1

What breed of horse is native to the Ozarks in Missouri?

Missouri Fox Trotter

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 125)

2

Name two breeds of draft horses that are commonly seen with feathered legs.

Clydesdale & Shire

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 72)

3

What breed of horse has 5 lumbar and 17 thoracic vertebrae?

Spanish-Barb

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 140)

4

The American Paint Horse Association is devoted strictly to stock horses and bases its registry on the blood of what 3 breeds?

American Paint Horse, American Quarter Horse, Thoroughbred

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 130)

5

Why was the American Paint Horse Association formed?

The American Quarter Horse Association refused to register spotted horses.

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 48)

6

What is the most common horse breed in the US?

The American Quarter Horse

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 137)

7

What pony breed is used almost entirely for showing in harness classes?

Hackney Pony

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 63)

8

Which draft horse breed has registered more per year than all other draft breeds combined?

Belgian

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 69)

9

Which breed is known as the Prince of Ponies?

Hackney

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 61)

10

What does cold-blooded refer to?

A horse of draft horse breeding

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 69 / Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 56 / Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 24 / Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 61)

11

What is the most common color of the Quarter Horse?

Sorrel

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 168B-1)

12

Name 5 breeds that originated in the U.S.

Morgan, American Quarter Horse, Tennessee Walking Horse, American Saddlebred, American Bashkir Curly, POA

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 23, 36-37, 41, 57, 59)

13

A horse under 14.2 hands is called what?

A pony

(Source: Eqiune Science, Griffiths, p. 20 / Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 217 / Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 526)

14

What breed cannot be taller than 34 inches at the withers to be registered?

American Miniature Horse

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 160B-1)

15

The 5 major draft breeds in the United States were developed in Europe; name 3 of them and the country of origin.

Belgian - Belgium; Percheron - France; Clydesdale - Scotland; Shire and Suffolk - England

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 155-159)

16

What is recognized as the universal birth date for many breeds?

January 1

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 910-5)

17

What do you call a horse that was domesticated and then became wild?

Feral

(Source: Illustrated Dictionary of Equine Terms, p. 106)

18

HYPP generally affects what popular horse breed?

Quarter Horses

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 98)

19

What is a Morab?

Cross between a Morgan and Arabian

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 45)

20

What is the distinguishing characteristic of the Bashkir Curly?

It has a curly coat

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 57)

21

Where did the POA originate?

Mason City, Iowa

(Source: THe Horse, Evans, p. 59)

22

Who was the first breeder of mules in North America?

George Washington

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 77)

23

What terms are used to describe the male ass and female ass?

Male - Jack

Female - Jennet

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 75 / Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 160)

24

What is the scientific name for a modern horse?

Equus Caballus

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 15)

25

What breed of horse is always bay?

Cleveland Bay

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 115)

26

What breed is prone to Equine Night Blindness or ENB?

Appaloosas

(Source: Equine Science, Griffiths, p. 100)

27

Is there such a thing as an albino in the horse world?  Why or why not.

No, an albino has solid pink eyes; white horses have colored eyes

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 53)

28

At what age do Thoroughbred horses compete for the Triple Crown?

Three

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 22)

29

Where did the Jutland breed originate?

Denmark

(Source: Illustrated Dicionary of Equine Terms, p. 159)

30

Name two breeds of horses tha are named after different states in the U.S.A.

Tennessee Walking Horse, Colorado Ranger/Rangerbred horse, Missouri Fox Trotter

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 40, 41, 58)

31

Name the horse breed developed by crossing Arabian and Saddlebred horses.

National Show Horse

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 128)

32

There are many breeds of ponies. Name four.

American Walking Pony, Hackney, Americana, POA, Connemara, American Quarter Pony, Shetland, Trottingbred, Walking Pony, Welsh

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 58-67)

33

What is the name of the breed of horse that is registered for its "golden" color?

Palomino

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 49)

34

What are the 3 distinctive characteristics required of all Appaloosas?

1. The eye must be encircled with white, 2. The skin must be mottled, 3. The hooves must be vertically striped in black and white

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 32)

35

What is a grade horse?

A horse of unknown ancestry

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 56 / Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 520)

36

Which state was the home of the first imported Belgian?

Illinois

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 155)

37

The stallion "Eclipse" is claimed to be the progenitor of 90% of which horse breed?

Thoroughbred

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 21)

38

Who was the holder of the first permanent registration number in the AQHA?

Wimpy P-1

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 27)

39

Where did the Welsh Pony originate?

Wales

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 61)

40

What horse originated in the Shetland Isles?

Shetland Pony

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 58)

41

Where did the Thoroughbred originate?

England

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 173B-1)

42

What breed was developed by the Nez Perce Indians?

Appaloosa

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 152B-1)

43

Where did the Quarter Horse originate?

United States (traces to the 1600s along Eastern sea coast of the New World)

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 23 / AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 168B-1)

44

Where in the U.S. did the Tennessee Walker originate?

Tennessee

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 40)

45

What 2 pony breeds were crossed to produce the Americana Breed?

Shetland and Hackney

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 66)

46

The eye encircled with white, mottled skin and white, vertically striped hooves are characteristics setting this breed apart. What is the breed?

Appaloosa

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 32)

47

Which draft breed is generally the tallest?

Shire

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 72)

48

Which breed of draft horse is known as the breed of black and greys?

Percheron

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 69)

49

What draft breed is only chestnut in color?

Suffolk

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 159)

50

What breed must be the color of a newly minted gold coin or three shades lighter or darker, with a light colored mane and tail?

Palomino

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 131)

51

Name two breeds of the "native horse".

Chickasaw, American Indian Horse, Spanish Mustang, Spanish-Barb, American Mustang, American Bashkir Curly, Rangerbred Horse

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 55-58)

52

Name the breed of small sturdy horses that have been imported from Mexico since 1959.

Galiceno

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 45)

53

What are the 2 racing gaits of the Standardbred?

Trot & Pace

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 29)

54

What are the disqualifications for registration of Welsh ponies?

Spotted patterns on body

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 61)

55

What is the oldest purebred breed and foundation of all light horse breeds?

Arabian

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 17)

56

What is the primary use of the POA?

Children's mounts

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 61 / Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 136)

57

What is feathering?

Long, silky hair on the lower legs

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 72)

58

Where did the Bashkir Curly originate?

The Ural Mountains in Russia

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 57)

59

How many major draft breeds are found in the United States?

5

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 68)

60

What is the main use of the Hackney Pony?

Driving

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 61)

61

Which species of wild horses is native to Eastern Asia near the Mongolian border?

Przewalski Horse

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 7)

62

What is a broom-tail?

Heavy, coarse tail

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 83)

63

Referring to horse breeds, what do the letters POA stand for?

Pony of the Americas

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 61)

64

What does hot-blooded refer to?

A horse of eastern or oriental blood

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 69)

65

What is a crossbred?

One that has at least one registered parent and are usually crosses between two breeds

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 137)

66

What are the colors of the Welsh Pony?

Any except piebald & skewbald

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 61)

67

What is a written record of an animal's ancestry that is issued by the registry association?

Registration Certificate

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 58)

68

What is a written record of an animal's ancestry that may or may not be used to refer to a registration certificate?

Pedigree

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 138 / Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 56)

69

Name a breed used as a foundation for developing many modern breeds.

Arabian OR Thoroughbred OR Morgan

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 17 & 20)

70

Who were the first breeders of Arabians?

Arabian tribesmen

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 56)

71

Where did the Arabian horse originate?

Arabia

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 153B-1 / Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 56)

72

What breed has its' headquarters in Moscow, Idaho?

Appaloosa

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 152B-2 / Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 56)

73

What color skin does the Arabian always have?

Dark

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 56)

74

Where did the Connemara originate?

Ireland (county Galway)

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 65)

75

Which draft breed is famous for being used in multi-horse hitches - especially one advertising a brewery?

Clydesdale

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 70)

76

What are the colors of the Shetland Pony?

All colors - solid & broken

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 59)

77

Where did the American Saddle Horse originate?

US (Virginia, Carolinas, Ohio, Missouri, Tennessee & specifically Kentucky)

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 58)

78

What is one of the primary uses of the Shetland Pony?

Children's mounts, harness ponies

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 59)

79

What is a distinguising characteristic of the Shetland Pony?

Small size

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 58)

80

Where did the Morgan originate?

US - New England states

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 56)

81

Which breed nods the head in rhythm with his walk?

Tennessee walker

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 172B-1)

82

What is the maximum height of the American Miniature Horse?

34 inches

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 160B-1)

83

What is the term for an individual horse whose parents are recorded in the same registry association?

Purebred

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 137)

84

Which breed s represented by the breed association known as the Jockey Club?

Thoroughbred

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 173B-1)

85

Which breed is the only one named after a horse and what is the horse's name?

The Morgan, Justin Morgan

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 36)

86

Which breed is used primarily for harness racing?

Standardbred

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 171B-1)

87

Which breed of pony is colored similar to an Appaloosa?

POA

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 61)

88

What horse has a natural overstride?

Tennessee Walker

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 40)

89

Which breed does the US Trotting Association represent?

Standardbred

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 171B-1)

90

The owner of the mare at the time of breeding is called what?

Breeder

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 56)

91

What is the term for a group of animals within a breed, all of which trace directly to a common ancestor?

Family

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 56)

92

Which breed was developed from small English & Dutch mine horses?

Miniature Horse

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 56)

93

What is a combination horse?

One used for saddle & driving

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 40)

94

What is the term for a horse ridden to a hunt meet?

Hack

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 40)

95

Which breed excels in distance riding?

Arabian

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 65)

96

What are the colors of the Percheron?

Black & gray

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 69)

97

How many colors does the American Quarter Horse recognize?

13

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 59)

98

What are the colors of the American Saddlebred horse?

No color restrictions (dark colors preferred)

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 39 / AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 169B-1 / Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 59)

99

Predominant color of Standardbreds are which color?

Bay

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 31)

100

What do the Darley Arabian, Byerly Turk & Godolphin Barb (Arabian) have in common?

Foundation sires of the Thoroughbred

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 21)

101

What is the average height of a Quarter Horse?

15 hands

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 168B-1)

102

Which breed excels in dressage, polo, jumping & cross country?

Thoroughbred

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 173B-2)

103

Describe a leopard Appaloosa.

White horse with colored spots on the body & Appaloosa characteristics

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 34)

104

Which breed originated in County Galway, Ireland?

Connemara

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 65)

105

Connemaras are noted for what?

Jumping ability

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 65)

106

Which breed is noted for its "cow sense"?

Quarter Horse

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 168B-1)

107

What is the predominant color of the Belgian?

Sorrel with flaxen mane & tail

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 69)

108

What is the most common color of the Shire?

Black

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 72)

109

What is a burro?

Small, feral donkey of North America & South America OR Spanish term for donkey

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 78)

110

The burro's ancestors came to North America with whom?

Spanish expeditions

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 78)

111

The breed description of a palomino describes the ideal color to be what?

The color of a newly minted gold coin

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 49)

112

What is the height limit for a Shetland Pony?

46 inches (11.2 hands)

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 58)

113

What is a group of horses having common origin & possessing certain traits that are passed on to their offspring?

Breed

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 137)

114

What do you call characteristics of a breed that distinguish it from other breeds?

Breed character

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship (National 4-H Council), p. 56)

115

What is the height range of the POA?

46-56 inches (11.2-14 hands)

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 61)

116

What is the height range of the Connemara Pony?

13 to 14.2 hands (Irish horses have remained pony sized - some in the US are now being bred over 15 hands)

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 66)

117

What is the height range of the Arabian?

14.1 to 15.1 hands

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 17)

118

How much does an average Miniature Horse foal weigh at birth?

15-30 pounds

119

What is the average height for a newbown Miniature Horse?

18 inches

120

What is the measure of performance for the racing Thoroughbred?

Stopwatch

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 21)

121

Where are the headquarers of the American White Horse (formerly the American Albino Club)?

Naper, Nebraska

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 53)

122

What is the most common color of the Hackney?

Bay (some also black, brown & chestnut)

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 64)

123

What colors are ineligible for registration in the Connemara breed?

Spotted or blue-eyed cremes

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 66)

124

What is the small pony breed from Argentina which is noted for excellant conformation and extremely small size?

Falabella

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 67)

125

Which draft breed is a descendent of the English Great Horse?

Shire

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 72)

126

Which draft breed is a descendant of the Great Horse of Flanders?

Belgian

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 68)

127

What is the main use of the Mammoth Jack?

Crossbreeding with horses to produce mules

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 77)

128

What is the term for a Standardbred that races with a diagonal gait?

Trotter

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 29)

129

Which horse typically races the slowest, a Thoroughbred, Trotter or Pacer?

Trotter

(Source: Horses and Horsemanship, Ensminger, p. 88-89)

130

Name a breed developed from the need for a comfortable, ground-covering, smooth-gaited riding & driving horse?

American Saddle Horse, Tennessee Walking Horse, Missouri Fox Trotter

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 37-42)

131

Which breed is world famous because of their connection with the Spanish Riding School?

Lippizan

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 159B-1)

132

What is the predominant color of the Lippizan?

Grey

(Source: AYHC Horse Industry Handbook, 159B-1)

133

What is the most frequent color of the Welsh Mountain Pony?

Gray

(Source: The Horse, Evans, p. 61)