Flashcards in Burgundy- Ai Deck (88):
Where would you find the Combe de Lavaux?
It is a steep sided valley behind the village of Gevrey-Chambertin that acts as a funnel for bad weather, especially for hail. This creates a micro climate that with higher ground is less prone to frost than the village level vineyards.
Which other grand cru can be labeled Chambertin?
Clos de Bèze
Which of the grand crus can also be labeled as “Charmes Chambertin”
What are the three largest Grand Crus of Gevrey-Chambertin?
Charmes-Chambertin & Mazoyeres-Chambertin #1 at 38.72 hectares
Chambertin Clos de Bèze is # 2 at 14.67 ha
Chambertin is #3 at 13.22 ha
What geological formation defines the southern Macon?
The Rocks of Solutré and Vergisson are two large limestone escarpments that define the landscape of southern Macon.
Which grand crus of Chablis were added after the original 1935 classification?
Bougros and Preuses were both added in 1938 with the creation of the Chablis Grand Cru AOP
What are the lieux dits of Fourchaume?
Cote de Fontenay
Which is the southernmost of the premier crus of Chablis?
Vaucopin on the eastern side of the river.
What are the communes of Pouilly-Fuisse?
There are 4-
What are the AOPs of the Macon?
Macon AOP- blanc, rouge, rose
Pouilly-Fuisse- Blanc only
Which is the northernmost and southernmost of the Beaujolais crus?
Juliénas is the Northernmost and Brouilly is the southernmost.
What are the two new grand crus that have been petitioned to the INAO in 2011 by producers?
Les Grand Epenots Grand Cru
Les Rugiens Grand Cru
Both are in Pommard, producers have petitioned for this change.
Which commune of the Cote d’Beaune has the most premier cru?
Beaune has 42.
Who is the biggest land holder in the Côte d’Or?
Bouchard, owns 120 hectares. Jadot is also very large land owner.
What wines does Domaine Leflaive produce?
Meursault Sous de la d’Ane
Name the region for each producer:
Name the region for each 1er cru:
Hameau de Blagny
Clos du Chapitre
Clos de la Bousse d’Or
Volnay- monopole of Pousse d’Or
What are the permitted wine styles of Chorey les Beaune? 1er crus here?
Rouge and blanc- no premier crus. Wines may be labeled “
Cote de Beaune”
How many hectares is Montrachet? How many in Puligny and how many in Chassagne?
8 hectares total. 3.99 in Chassagne and 4.01 in Puligny.
How many owners are there in the Montrachet vineyard? Can you name 4?
16 owners of the vineyard:
Boillereault de Chavigny
Marquis de Laguiche
Chateau de Puligny-Montrachet
Who is the largest owner in the Montrachet vineyard?
Marquis de Laguiche
Which is the largest grand cru of the following:
Montrachet- 8 ha
Bienvenues 3.68 ha
What are the big three 1er crus of Meursault?
Perrières, Charmes, Genevrieres
What wine styles are permitted in Cote Chalonnaise AOP?
Red, White and Rose from 44 communes
What village or commune is the center of Cremant d’Borgogne production?
Rully in the Cote Chalonnaise.
What three 1er cru vineyards in the Cote de Beaune have submitted applications for Grand Cru upgrade as of 2011?
Les Rugiens proposed from Les Rugiens Bas and Haut in Pommard
Taille-Pieds in Volnay
Les Grands Epenots in Pommard
What is the maximum permitted yield for La Tâche? How is this different from the other Grand Crus of Vosne-Romanee and the rest of the Côte d’Or Grand Crus?
35hl/ha- it is the lowest maximum yield of any of the grand crus along with Romanee-Conti. Only Clos de Tart in Morey also has a max yield this low.
What is the UPECB Classification?
It is specific to Cremant de Bourgogne
2 years lees aging
Chardonnay, Pinot, Gamay and Aligote permitted
Triage no earlier than March 1 the year following harvest.
Cremant de Bourgogne “Grand Eminent” is 3 years gang plus three months after disgorgement and only the first 75% of the press yield may be used. 15g/l max dosage permitted.
What grapes are permitted for use in the Coteaux Bourguinons AOP?
Blanc, Rose and Rouge from Aligote, Melon, Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc and Pinot Gris. Gamay, Pinot and Pinot GRis for rouge. This AOP was created in 2011 and used to be called Bourgogne Grand Ordinaire.
What is the largest and smallest crus of Beaujolais?
Chénas is the smallest and Brouilly
What wine style and grapes are permitted in the Coteaux du Lyonnais AOP?
Blanc, Blanc Nouveau, Rose, Rose Primeur, Rouge.
Grapes: Aligote, Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Gamay
What are the lieux-dits of the Bourgogne AOP?
La Chapelle Norte-Dame
Who are Dr. Jules Lavalle and Camille Rodier and why are they important?
Both were important authorities who graded the Burgundy vineyards in the 3 tier system predating the AOC system. Lavelle graded the vineyards in 1855, and Camille Rodier in 1920.
What are the only communes without 1er cru vineyards? Why is this?
St. Romain, Marsanny, and Chorey-Les Beaune. All were post WW2 AOCs. Many vineyards were hastily classified as 1er cru in 1942 so that the Germans could not requisition them. Dossiers have been submitted for the first two to add premier crus.
Name a few climats that may use the Corton Grand Cru AOP?
Clos du Roi, Bressands, Marechaudes, Les Meix, Les Combes, Les Greves, Les Languettes, Grancey
Describe the good and bad vintages in Burgundy from the 1980s
1989- very good
1988- tough wines- may have come around by now
1987- overchaptalized from cool weather and underripeness
1986- rain and rot
1985- Great year!
1983- rot year
1982- large yields, early drinking
1980- most are past now
Best and worst vintages in the 2000’s
Best vintages are 2002, 2005, 2009, 2010 and 2015. 2014 and 2016 are also very good for whites, better than the reds.
Worst vintages are 2000, 2001, 2004
Best and worst vintages of the 1990’s
Best: 1999, 1995, 1993, 1991, 1990
Worst: 1992, 1997, 1998 (rain)
Best Burgundy vintages pre- 1980
1978, 1971, 1966, 1964, 1959, 1953, 1949
Name three Monopole vineyards in Volnay
Clos does Ducs- Marquis d’Angerville
Clos de la Barre- Jadot
Clos de la Bousse d’Or- Pousse d’Or
How many owners in the Montrachet vineyard? What is it’s size and who owns the most?
Montrachet is 8ha. Marquis de Laguiche owners 2 ha and is the largest owner. There are 16 owners:
Boillereault de Chavigny
Marquis de Laguiche
Chateau de Puligny-Montrachet
How many Grand Crus are there in Burgundy? How many are white?
33 Grand Crus- 7 are white
Where did Burgundy get it’s name?
The Scandinavian people, the Burgundians or Burgundes from the island of Burgundarholm who were installed by the Romans to defend their frontier posts in 417ad.
Which is the largest premier cru in Meursault?
Who is the largest owner of Chambertin? Of Clos de Bèze?
Armand Rousseau of Chambertin and Pierre Damoy of Clos de Bèze
What are the two lieut-dits of Chapelle-Chambertin?
Chapelle, Les Gemaux
Who are the five owners of Clos St. Jacques?
This vineyard was sold in 1955 by the Comte and the the five vintners all bought in.
Who is the monopole owner of Clos de Fonteney?
How big is Chambertin?
What is the maximum permitted yield for the Grand Cru whites of the Cotes de Beaune?
What are the maximum permitted yields for the Grand Crus of Vosne-Romanee?
La Tâche- 35hl/ha
La Romanee- 38hl/ha
Romanee St. Vivant- 42
La Grand Rue-42hl/ah
What are the lieut-dits of Musigny?
Les Musigny or Les Grands Musigny
Les Petits Musigny (owned by de Vogue)
La Combe d’Orveau (owned all by Jacques Prieur)
What is the soil type in Musigny?
Oolitic limestone on top and Comblanchien marble in the lower
When was Musigny first named as a vineyard?
1110, the monks of Cîteaux received land in Musigny as a gift.
How is the soil in Chambless-Musigny different from surrounding villages and how does this affect the style of wines?
There is a high proportion of calcaire or active limestone here. This causes paler green leaves on the vines which leads to lighter colored wines that are highly aromatic.
When was the Clos des Lambrays purchased? By whom?
LVMH bought from the original owner the Taupenot-Merme family in 2014.
Name four producers who make a Musigny bottling
De la Vougerie
What grapes are permitted in Cremant d’Bourgogne AOP?
Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, Aligote, Melon, Sacy, Pinot, Pinot Gris, Gamay.
9 months lees- 4 atmospheres of pressure.
Describe the 2015, 2016 and 2017 vintages in Rhone valley
Exceptional! Many fantastic wines in both the northern and southern rhone, reds and whites. Highly rated!
When was the most recent grand cru added in Burgundy?
La Grand Rue was promoted in 1992- effective with the 1991 vintage. The proposal was first raised in 1984.
What are the lieut dits of Richebourg?
Les Verroilles ou Richebourg
Who is the biggest owner of Richebourg?
DRC owns 3.51 ha out of 8ha.
When was the last vintage of Henri Jayer Crox Parentoux?
2001- he retired in 1996 but the wines were made under his name until 2001.
What was the first vintage of Jayer Cros Parentoux?
1978. He replanted the vineyard from 1951-1953.
What year did Meo Camuzet take over their plot of Cros Parentoux?
1985 started bottling their own wines, although the wines were still made by Jayer until 1987. It was share cropped from 1950-1987 by Jayer
Which premier cru is surrounded by grand cru vineyards in the cote de Nuits?
Aux Combottes which is surrounded bu Latricieres, Mazoyeres and Bonnes Mares in Morey St. Denis.
Village: 1er. Cru Champeaux
1er Cru: Etournelles
1er cru: Les Chabiots
1er cru: Les Ruchots
1er cru: Les Faconnieres, La Riotte, Les Blanchards
1er cru: Clos Sorbe
Name some 1er cru vineyards in Chambolle
1er cru: La Combe d’Orveau
Where is the Combe de Laveaux?
Where is the Combe d’Orveau?
1er cru: La Vigne Blanche
1er cru: Les Gruenchers
Which grand crus are west of Romanee Saint-Vivant?
Richebourgs and La Romanee Conti are directly west
Which grand cru of Vosne-Romanee is furthest south?
1er cru: Clos des Reas?
1er cru: Les suchots
1er cru: Les Beaux Monts, Aux Brulees, Aux Malconsorts
Which grand cru of Vosne-Romanee is farthest north?
Who is the monopole owner of Clos des Reas?
Michel Gros in Vosne-Romanee
When did Henri Jayer retire?
1995 he retired and handed over things to Rouget, but made a little wine under his label until 2001.
What are the minimum alcohol levels for Burgundy wines?? Village, 1er and Grand Cru
1er Cru 11.5%
Grand Cru 12%
1er cru 11%
Grand Cru 11.5%