Ch. 10: Naming, Classifying, Origin, and Improvement of Plants Flashcards Preview

Horticulture Science 1 > Ch. 10: Naming, Classifying, Origin, and Improvement of Plants > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 10: Naming, Classifying, Origin, and Improvement of Plants Deck (30):
1

annual

plants that live one year or less
ex. marigold

2

biennial

plants that live for two growing seasons
ex. carrot

3

perennials

any plants that live more that two years or planting seasons
ex. woody or herbaceous plants

4

deciduous

no living leaves in dormant season (not necessarily winter)
ex. maple tree

5

evergreen

retain functional leaves throughout the year, usually have needles
ex. fir

6

conifer

bears seed in the form of a cone
not all are evergreen!
ex. Bald Cypress, Dawn Redwood, Ginkgo

7

xerophyte

drought tolerant

8

succulent

drought tolerant

9

halophyte

salty habitat preference

10

aquaphyte

water habitat preference

11

fruit

contains seed

12

vegetable

?

13

cole crops

cabbage family
ex. broccoli, cauliflower, radish, turnip, etc.

14

legumes

Family fabacae (common fruit)
includes peas, beans, and beans (same pests)

15

solanaceous crops

pepper family
includes tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, eggplant

16

cucurbits

squash family
includes pumpkins, squash, cucumbers, etc.

17

vascular plants

can hold H2O

18

nonvascular plants

cannot hold H2O

19

taxon

?

20

angiosperm

?

21

gymnosperm

?

22

monocot

plants that germinate with one leaf, parallel veins

23

dicot (eudicot)

germinate with two leaves

24

binomial nomenclature

?

25

Genus

groups of plants with similar morphological characteristics

26

species

?

27

specific epithet

?

28

variety

a local or ecological race (naturally occurring)

29

cultivar

a cultivated variety

30

germplasm

?