Ch. 17 The Peritoneal Cavity and Abdominal Wall Flashcards Preview

Cindy Test 3 CH. 9,13,17 > Ch. 17 The Peritoneal Cavity and Abdominal Wall > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 17 The Peritoneal Cavity and Abdominal Wall Deck (59)
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1

Loops of the digestive tract are anchored to the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity by this large double fold of peritoneal tissue

Mesentery

2

Space anterior to the right kidney and posterior to the inferior border of the liver where ascites of fluid may accumulate or an abscess may develop

Morison's pouch

3

Pouchlike extension of the visceral peritoneum from the lower edge of the stomach, part of the duodenum, and the transverse colon

Omentum

4

Inferior of the liver

Subhepatic

5

Below the diaphragm

Subphrenic

6

Localized collection of pus

Abscess

7

Accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity

Ascites

8

Most dependent areas inthe flanks of the abdomen and pelvis where fluid collection may accumulate

Gutters

9

Collection of blood

Hemorrhage

10

Increase in the number of leukocytes (white blood cells)

Leukocytosis

11

Inflammation of the peritoneum

Peritonitis

12

Pus producing

Pyogenic

13

Sonographic sign that you see when a vessel or organ is surrounded by a tumor on either side

Sandwich sign

14

Spread of an infection from its initial site to the bloodstream

Sepsis

15

Infection in the blood

Septicemia

16

Cyst containing urine

Urinoma

17

Because of the ________ ligament attachments, collections in the right posterior subphrenic space cannot extend between the bare area of the liver and the diaphragm

Coronary

18

The pleural fluid tends to distribute ________ in the chest

Posteromedially

19

Subcapsular liver and splenic collection are seen when they are _________ to the diaphragm unilaterally and conform to the shape of an organ capsule

Inferior

20

A mass is confirmed to be within the retroperitoneal cavity when anterior renal displacement or anterior displacement of the dilated ________ can be documented

Ureters

21

The mass interposed ____________ or superiorly to the kidneys can be located either intraperitoneally or retroperitoneally

Anteriorly

22

Fatty and collagenous connective tissues in the perirenal or anterior pararenal space produce echoes that are best demonstrated on _________ scans

Sagittal

23

Retroperitoneal lesions displace echoes _________ and cranially

Ventrally

24

Hepatic and subhepatic lesions produce _____________ and posterior displacement

Inferior

25

A large, right-sided retroperitoneal mass rotates the intrahepatic portal veins to the _______

Left

26

The peritoneal cavity is made up of multiple peritoneal ligaments and folds that connect the _________ to each other and to the abdominopelvic __________

Viscera, walls

27

Within the cavity are found the lesser and greater _________, the ___________, and multiple fluid spaces (lesser sac, perihepatic and subphrenic spaces)

Omentum, mesenteries

28

The _________ is a smooth membrane that lines the entire abdominal cavity and is reflected over the contained organs

Peritoneum

29

The part that lines the walls of the cavity is the ___________ peritoneum, whereas the part covering the abdominal organs to a greater or lesser extent is the ___________ peritoneum

Parietal, visceral

30

The general peritoneal cavity is known as the _________ sac of the peritoneum

Greater