Ch 2 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 2 Vocab Deck (57):
1

Adenectomy

Surgical removal of gland

2

Adenocarcinoma

Carcinoma derived from glandular tissue

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Adenoma

Benign tumor that arises from, or resembles, glandular tissue

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Adenomalacia

Abnormal softening of a gland

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Adenosclerosis

Abnormal hardening of a gland

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Anaplasia

A change in structure of cells and in their orientation to each other

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Anatomy

Study of the structure of the body

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Abdominal cavity

Contains major organs of digestion

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Anomaly

A deviation from what is regarded as normal

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Aplasia

Defective development or absence of an organ or tissue

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Bloodborne transmission

Spread of disease through contact w blood or other body fluids w blood

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Caudal

Toward tail

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Cephalic

Toward head

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Communicable disease

Any condition transmitted from one person to another by direct/indirect contact with contaminated

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Congenital disorder

Condition that exists at time of birth

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Cytoplasm

Material within cell membrane; not part of nucleus

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Distal

Farthest from midline or beginning of structure

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Dorsal

Back of body

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Dysplasia

Abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, organs

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Endemic

Ongoing presence of disease within population or area

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Endocrine glands

Secrets products or hormones into blood

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Epidemic

Sudden and widespread outbreak of disease within population or area

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Epigastric region

Above the stomach

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Etiology

Study of causes of disease

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Exocrine glands

Secretes product by way of duct

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Functional disorder

Symptoms with no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified

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Genetic disorder

Pathological condition caused by absent defective gene

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Geriatrician

Branch of medicine with diseases, debilities, and care of aged people

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Hemophilia

Group of hereditary bleeding disorders where blood clotting factor is missing

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Histology

Study of tissues

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Homeostasis

Processes through which body maintains constant internal environment

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Hyperplasia

Enlargement of organ/tissue because of abnormal increase in cell number

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Hypertrophy

Increase in bulk of body part/organ due to increase in size, but not number of cells/tissue

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Hypogastric region

Located below stomach

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Hypoplasia

Incomplete development of organ/tissue

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Iatrogenic illness

Unfavorable response due to prescribed medical treatment

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Idiopathic disorder

Illness without known cause

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Infectious disease

Caused by living pathogenic organisms such as bacteria/virus

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Inguinal

Where torso meets legs

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Medial

Towards or near midline

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Mesentery

Membrane (double layer of peritoneum) that connects organs to posterior wall of abdomen

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Midsagittal plane

Body divided into equal left and right parts

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Nosocomial infection

Disease acquired in hospital or clinical setting

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Pandemic

Outbreak of disease occurring over a large geographic area

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Pelvic cavity

Formed by hipbones (reproductive and excretory system)

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Peritoneum

Multi layered membrane that protects and holds organs in place with abdominal cavity

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Phenylketonuria

A genetic disorder in which an essential digestive enzyme is missing

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Physiology

Study of the functions of the structure of the body

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Posterior

Back side

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Proximal

Situated nearest midline or beginning of body structure

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Retroperitoneal

Situated or occurring behind peritoneum

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Stem cells

Unspecialized cells that are able to renew themselves for long time by cell division

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Thoracic cavity

Surrounds and protects heart and lungs

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Transverse plane

Horizontal plane (superior and inferior parts)

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Umbilicus

Belly button or naval

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Vector-borne transmission

Spread of a certain disease due to bite of a vector

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Ventral

Front side