Ch. 5 & 6 - Digestive System Flashcards Preview

Ma 101 > Ch. 5 & 6 - Digestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 5 & 6 - Digestive System Deck (59):
1

Cecum

1st part of large intestine

2

Colon

Portion of the large intestine

3

Duodenum

1st part of the small intestine

4

Bile

Digestive juice from a liver & stored in a gallbladder

5

Esophagus

Tube that connects the throat to the stomach

6

Ileum

3rd part of the small intestine

7

Jejunum

2nd part of the small intestine

8

Peristalsis

Involuntary contractions

9

Pharynx

Throat

10

Pyloric sphincter

Allows food to leave a stomach

11

Sphincter

Circular ring of muscle

12

Uvula

Small thing on a back of the throat

13

Appendectomy

Removal of the appendix

14

Appendicitis

Inflammation of the appendix

15

Buccal

Cheek mucosa

16

Cholecystectomy

Gallbladder removal

17

Colostomy

New opening for an artificial anus

18

Esophageal

Pertaining to the esophagus

19

Gastrostomy

Making a new opening of the abdominal wall from stomach

20

Hepatomegaly

Enlargement of the liver

21

Gastrojejunostomy

Connection between stomach and jejunum

22

Laparoscopy

Looking through the abdominal wall with a scope

23

Pancreatitis

Inflammation of the pancreas

24

Rectocele

Protrusion of the rectum

25

Stomatitis

Inflammation of the mouth

26

Cholelithiasis

Condition of the stones in a gallbladder

27

Hyperglycemia

Ana excess of sugar in the blood

28

Lipoma

A tumor of fatty tissue

29

Lipase

Some enzymes that digest fat

30

Splenorrhagia

Hemorrhage (кровоизлияние) from the spleen

31

Cholecystitis

Inflammation of the gallbladder's wall

32

Ascites

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

33

Diarrhea

Flow through, stools fluid

34

Dysphagia

Difficult swallowing

35

Jaundice

Yellow skin

36

Melena

Black stool

37

Peptic ulcer

Open sore in the stomach or duodenum

38

Colorectal cancer

Adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum

39

Diverticulosis

Abnormal side picking in the intestinal wall of the colon

40

Dysentery

Painful, inflamed intestine, bloody stool

41

Hemorrhoids

Swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal regions

42

Intussusception

Telescoping of the intestines

43

Volvulus

Twisting of the intestine on itself

44

Viral hepatitis

Inflammation of the liver

45

Cholelithiasis

Gallstones in the gallbladder

46

Cirrhosis

Chronic degenerative disease of the liver

47

Pancreatitis

Inflammation of the pancreas

48

Dyspepsia

Bad digestion

49

Hematemesis

Spitting up blood from the respiratory tract (vomiting blood)

50

Emesis

Vomiting

51

Polyphagia

Excessive of eating

52

Rhinoplasty

Structure of nose changed

53

Hemorrhage

Lose of a large amount of blood in a short time

54

Herniorrhaphy

Suture of hernia (сшивание грыжи)

55

Gastroenteritis

Inflammation of the stomach and the small intestine

56

Glossopharyngeal

Pertaining to the tongue and the throat

57

Oropharynx

Central portion of the pharynx

58

Cholangiography

X-ray of a gall duck vessel

59

Paracentesis
Abdominocentesis

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen