Chap 3 & 4 Flashcards Preview

Human Development > Chap 3 & 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 3 & 4 Deck (29):
1

Anything in the environment that can produce a birth defect

Teratogen

2

Susceptible throughout most of pregnancy

CNS

3

What are some signs of Fetal Alcohol syndrome?

retardation, facial asymmetries, small head

4

What is the primary preventable cause of mental retardation

drinking when pregnant

5

Signs of smoking while pregnant

low birthweight, retarded growth, increase risk of SIDS

6

Signs of mercury exposure

memory, sensory, emotional impairment
*source= fish, environment

7

Lack of folic acid

Spina Bifida

8

Lead poisoning causes

variety of neurobiological problems including lower IQ

9

Zika virus causes

Microcephaly

10

Stages of prenatal development

1. Germinal (fertilization to 2 weeks)
2. Embryonic stage (2-8 weeks)
3. Fetal stage (8 weeks to birth)

11

Apgar scale

Appearance-pink
Pulse- >100
*Grimice- do
Activity- strong
Respiration- Crying is good

12

Why are Maternal Death rates rising in US?

c sections
older moms
obesity

13

Causes of preterm babies

multiple births
too little time between pregnancies
mother too young
health of mom
stress

14

placenta wears out blood supply low and delivery riskier

Post mature

15

diabetes only during pregnancy

Gestational diabetes

16

"Real SIDS" is relaed to

prenatal smoking, drinking, drug use- neurological issues

17

Likely due to hormone shifts, can also effect babies

Postpartum depression

18

early learning capabilities

1. Classical conditioning
2. Operant conditioning
3. Habituation

19

When you introduce something new to a baby you get an

orienting response- quiet, attentive, slowed heartrate

20

head develops first, lower body develops later

Cephalocaudal

21

more gross motor control than ability to control fingers

proximodistal

22

Principles of growth and development

1. cephalocaudal
2. proximodistal

*early detection of autism

23

pathways that get used are strenghtenes and the ones that we dont use deminish

synamtic pruning

24

developing structure or behavior is modifiable due to experience- high in infancy

Plasticity

25

fatty insulation, speeds transmission of neural impulses

Myelin sheath

26

Advantages of breast milk

More iron, vitamin C, D, antibodies
For mom: lower rates of premenopausal breast cancer, ovarian cancer

27

Used in lining of formula cans polycarbonate baby bottles linked to reproductive and other problembs

BPA

28

related to disturbance in mother-child interaction (possibly related to fussy eating, but also lack of interaction)

Nonorganic failure to thrive

29

organ formation that takes place during the first two months of prenatal development

organogenesis