Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (21):
What is the integumentary system?
External covering of the body (skin)
What is the first basic function of skin?
Waterproofs the body.
Second function of skin?
Acts as a pain receptor.
Third function of skin?
Cushions and protects the internal organs.
Fourth function of skin?
Regulates body temperature.
What does the skeletal system consist of?
Bones, cartilage, ligaments, and joints.
3 major types of muscles?
Smooth, cardiac, skeletal.
What is the function of the muscular system?
To contract or shorten?
What happens when muscles contract?
What is the first function of skeleton?
Supports the body.
2nd function of skeleton?
Protects internal organs.
3rd function of skeleton?
Provides a framework for muscles to attach to
4th function of skeleton?
Protects internal organs
5th function of skeleton?
Produces red blood cells
6th function of skeletal?
Stores and releases minerals
What are the major structures of the nervous system?
Brain, spinal cord, nerves, sensory receptor
What is the function of sensory receptors?
Detect internal and external changes
What is the second function of sensory receptors?
Send signals to the cns so body may react accordingly
What are some structures of the endocrine system?
Pituitary gland, parathyroid gland, adrenal gland, thymus gland, pancreas, testes, ovaries
What is the function of the endocrine system?
Glands produce hormones that are released into the blood and affect other organs.