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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (18):
1

What do humans need to learn to acquire their first language

- How to integrate language with other modes of communication
- Conversational cues
- Syntactical cues

2

How much do children bring ti the task of learning a first language?

Nature and nurture
Vocal tracts and memory for words
Social aspect of language acquisition

3

How is acquisition affected by language differences?

languages differ in terms of phonetics, phonology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics

4

Conceptual Complexity

The complexity of a meaning/ ideas being expressed

5

Formal Complexity

The complexity in the variety of forms in a language
E.g. having a single word-ending for plurals

6

Social Dimension of Acquisition

Children learn a language in a community of speakers

7

Cognitive Dimension of Acquisition

Before children start talking, they already learn a lot

8

Rote Learning

Learning that occurs through being talked to and hearing proper forms
E.g. teeth, not tooths

9

Analogy Learning

Learning that occurs by using learned forms as models to decide on plurals for new words
E.g. cat > cats; foot > foots

10

Rule Abstraction

Learning that occurs by creating and using rules
E.g. adding -s for plurals

11

Schema Learning

Learning that occurs by creating a template
E.g. words ending with [s] are plural

12

Most common word orders

SOV and SVO

13

Token-Frequency

Frequently used nouns and verbs

14

Type- Frequency

regular verbs and nouns occur more frequently than irregular ones

15

Parameter Setting

Theory that children start out with default settings for parameters that captures all the dimensions that distinguishes languages

16

Continuity

Study of expression and function as critical clues to see how language is acquired (study of the process)

17

Goal of Acquisition

To become a member of a community of speakers

18

7-10 months
16 months
16+ months
2 years
1-6 years
10-12 years

7-10 months: babbling
16 months: recognizing words
16+ months: combining words and gestures
2 years: producing first word combinations
1-6 years: acquire more linguistic skill and sound adult-like
10-12 years: mastered complex constructions and vocabulary