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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (33):
1

The residents of a congressional district or state.

Constituents

2

The assigning by congress of congressional seats after each census.

Reapportionment

3

The redrawing of congressional and other legislative district lines following the census, to accommodate population shifts and keep districts as equal as possible.

Redistricting

4

The drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent.

Gerrymandering

5

An elected official that is predominately won by one party or the other, so success of that party's candidate is almost take for granted.

Safe seat

6

The current holder of an elected office.

Incumbent

7

The special spending projects that are set aside on behalf of individual members of congress for the constituents.

Earmarks

8

Principle of a two house legislature.

Bicameralism

9

The powers explicitly given to congress in the constitution.

Enumerated powers

10

The presiding officer of the House of Representatives, formally elected by the house, but actually selected by the majority party.

Speaker

11

A meeting of the members of a party in legislative chamber to select party leaders and to develop party policy. Called a conference by republicans.

Party caucus

12

The legislative leader selected by the majority party who helps plan party strategy, confers with other party leaders, and tries to keep members of the party in line.

Majority leader

13

The legislative leader selected by the minority party as a spokesperson for the opposition.

Minority leader

14

The party leader go is the liaison between the leadership and the rank-and-file in the legislature.

Whip

15

A procedural rule in the house of reps that prohibits any amendments to bills or provides that only members of the committee reporting the bill may offer amendments.

Closed rule

16

A procedural rule in the house that permits floor amendments within the overall time allocated to the bill.

Open rule

17

An officer of these Senate selected by the majority party to act as the chair in the absence of the Vice President.

President pro tempore

18

A procedural practice in the senate whereby a senator temporarily blocks the consideration of a bill or nomination.

Hold

19

A procedural practice in the senate where a senator refuses to relinquish the floor and thereby delays proceedings and prevents a vote on a controversial issue.

Filibuster

20

A procedure for termination debate, especially filibusters, in the senate.

Cloture

21

A permanent committee established in a legislature, usually focusing on a policy area.

Standing committee

22

A congressional committee created for a specific purpose, sometimes to conduct an investigation.

Special or select committee.

23

A committee composed of both house and senate members; such committees oversee the library of congress and conduct investigations.

Joint committee

24

A legislative practice that assigns the chair of a committee to the member of the majority party that has served the committee for the longest.

Seniority rule

25

A committee appointed by the presiding officers of each chamber to adjust differences on a particular bill passed by each in different form.

Conference committee

26

Mutual aid and vote trading among legislators.

Logrolling

27

Citizens who follow public affairs closely.

Attentive public

28

A petition that, if signed by a majority of the house, will pry a bill from committee and bring it to the floor for consideration.

Discharge petition

29

A provision attached to a bill in order to secures its passage or defeat.

Rider

30

A veto exercised by the president after congress has adjourned. If the president does not take action for ten days, the bill does not become law and is not returned to congress for a possible override.

Pocket veto

31

An action taken by congress to reverse a presidential veto, requiring a two thirds majority in each chamber.

Override

32

A official who is expected to represent the views of his or her constituents even when personally holding different views; one interpretation of the role of the legislator.

Delegate

33

An official who is expected to vote independently based on his or her judgement of the circumstances; one interpretation of the role of the legislator.

Trustee