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Flashcards in chapter 11 Motivation and Work recognition Deck (22):
1

the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need.

Drive-reduction theory

2

a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level.

homeostasis

3

a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates.

incentive

4

Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active.

hierarchy of needs

5

the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When its level is low, we feel hunger.

glucose

6

the point at which an individual's “weight thermostat” is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight.

Set point

7

the body's resting rate of energy expenditure.

basal metabolic rate

8

the four stages of sexual responding described by Masters and Johnson-excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution.

sexual response cycle

9

a resting period after orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm.

refractory period

10

a problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal or functioning.

sexual disorder

11

sex hormones, such as estradriol, secreted in greater amounts by females than by males and contributing to female sex characteristics. In nonhuman female mammals, estrogen levels peak during ovulation, promoting.

estrogens

12

the most important of the male sex hormones. Both males and females have it, but the additional testosterone in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty.

testosterone

13

an enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one's own sex (homosexual orientation) or the other sex (heterosexual orientation).

sexual orientation

14

a completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of one's skills.

flow

15

the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces.

Industrial-organization (I/O) psychology

16

a subfield of I/O psychology that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training, appraisal, and development.

personnel psychology

17

a subfield of I/O psychology that examines organizational influences influences on worker satisfaction and productivity and facilitates organizational change.

organizational psychology

18

a subfield of I/O psychology that explores how people and machines interact and how machines and physical environments can be made safe and easy to use.

human factors psychology

19

interview process that asks the same job-relevant questions of all applicants, each of whom is rate on established scales.

structured interviews

20

a desire for significant accomplishment; for mastery of skills or ideas; for rapidly attaining a high standard.

achievement motivation

21

Goal-oriented leader that sets standards, organizes work, and focuses attention on goals.

task leadership

22

Group-oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflicts, and offers supports.

social leadership