Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

Hustory > Chapter 19 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (23):
0

What would the Transcontinental Railroad do?

Connect the Atlantic and pacific coasts

1

What are subsidies?

Financial aid and land grants, to companies that were willing to build this line

2

What railroad group worked eastward from Sacramento?

Central pacific

3

The Central Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?

Chinese

4

The Union Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?

Irish

5

What occurred on May 10, 1869?

Completed transcontinental railroad at promontary point

6

What was significant about the final spike in the Transcontinental Railroad?

It was gold

7

What did the American Railway Association do to our country in 1883?

Divided it into 4 time zones

8

What were open ranges?

Land not fenced in or divided into lots

9

What were long drives?

Ranchers that drove their cattle long distances

10

What were three challenges that faced the American Cowboy?

Weather,rustlers, and stampedes

11

What was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage people to move to the Great Plains?

Homestead act

12

How much land is an acre?



The size of football field

13

What invention by John Deere allowed farmers to break through the tough Midwestern sod?

Steel plow

14

What was used to keep livestock in a contained area and to mark territory?

Barbed wire fence

15

What Sioux chief didn’t want to sell the Black Hills area of the Dakotas to the US Gov’t?

Sitting bull

16

Who had his last stand at the Battle of Little Bighorn?

Chief Joseph

17

What was Chief Joseph’s famous quote about Native American attitudes at this time?

From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.

18

Who was the last Native American to surrender in the Apache Wars?



Geronimo

19

What two things did the Dawes Act do?

Broke up reseration land individually and removed tribal afflitions

20

What three ways were Native American students taught to assimilate in boarding schools?

Dress and act like European Americans and taught English and their names were changed to American names

21

What caused the Wounded Knee Massacre?

Someone's gun discharged

22

What battle caused the end of armed conflict between the US and Indians?

Wounded knee