Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (23):
What would the Transcontinental Railroad do?
Connect the Atlantic and pacific coasts
What are subsidies?
Financial aid and land grants, to companies that were willing to build this line
What railroad group worked eastward from Sacramento?
The Central Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?
The Union Pacific Railroad relied on workers that moved from what country?
What occurred on May 10, 1869?
Completed transcontinental railroad at promontary point
What was significant about the final spike in the Transcontinental Railroad?
It was gold
What did the American Railway Association do to our country in 1883?
Divided it into 4 time zones
What were open ranges?
Land not fenced in or divided into lots
What were long drives?
Ranchers that drove their cattle long distances
What were three challenges that faced the American Cowboy?
Weather,rustlers, and stampedes
What was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage people to move to the Great Plains?
How much land is an acre?
The size of football field
What invention by John Deere allowed farmers to break through the tough Midwestern sod?
What was used to keep livestock in a contained area and to mark territory?
Barbed wire fence
What Sioux chief didn’t want to sell the Black Hills area of the Dakotas to the US Gov’t?
Who had his last stand at the Battle of Little Bighorn?
What was Chief Joseph’s famous quote about Native American attitudes at this time?
From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.
Who was the last Native American to surrender in the Apache Wars?
What two things did the Dawes Act do?
Broke up reseration land individually and removed tribal afflitions
What three ways were Native American students taught to assimilate in boarding schools?
Dress and act like European Americans and taught English and their names were changed to American names
What caused the Wounded Knee Massacre?
Someone's gun discharged