Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (22):
0

What would the Transcontinental Railroad do?

Connect the Atlantic and Pacific coasts

1

What are subsidies?

Money or goods given by a person or government to support a project that benefits the public

2

What railroad group worked eastward from Sacramento?

Central pacific company

3

What railroad group worked westward from Omaha?

The Union Pacific company

4

What occurred on May 10, 1869?

Workers completed construction of the transcontinental railroad at promontory point

5

What was significant about the final spike in the Transcontinental Railroad?

It was made of gold

6

What did the American Railway Association do to our country in 1883?

Divided the country into 4 time zones

7

What were open ranges?

Land not fenced in or divided into lots

8

What were long drives?

Journey many ranch hands had to make to get their cattle to a railroad

9

What were three challenges that faced the American Cowboy?

Tough weather, rustlers who tried to steal cattle, and they had to fight off stampedes.

10

What was passed by Congress in 1862 to encourage people to move to the Great
Plains?

The homestead act

11

How much land is an acre?

It's roughly the size of a football field

12

What invention by John Deere allowed farmers to break through the tough
Midwestern sod?

The steel plow

13

What was used to keep livestock in a contained area and to mark territory?

Barbed wire

14

What Sioux chief didn’t want to sell the Black Hills area of the Dakotas to the US
Gov’t?

Chief sitting bull

15

Who had his last stand at the Battle of Little Bighorn?

George Custer

16

What was Chief Joseph’s famous quote about Native American attitudes at this
time?

"From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever."

17

Who was the last Native American to surrender in the Apache Wars?

Geronimo

18

What two things did the Dawes Act do?

Broke up reservation land and removed tribal affiliations

19

What three ways were Native American students taught to assimilate in boarding
schools?

Dress like European Americans, taught English, and stripped of their traditional names and replaced with European names.

20

What caused the Wounded Knee Massacre?

Someone's gun discharged

21

What battle caused the end of armed conflict between the US and Indians?

Wounded knee