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Flashcards in Chapter 2✏️ Deck (25):
0

What two things did Marco Polo do for a living?

He was an explorer and an author

1

What invention helped the book Travels become published all over Europe?

The movable type printing press

2

What two things did the Portuguese trade for in West Africa?

Gold and slaves

3

The age of exploration and discovery in Europe was called the...?

The Renaissance

4

Why did the Portuguese most want to explore the world?

They were looking to find new trade routes

5

Where was the Gold Coast?

On the western side of Africa

6

What explorer completed the eastern sea route to Asia around Africa?

Vasco de Gama

7

What were the three ships that Columbus sailed with?

Nina,Pinta,and Santa Maria

8

What country’s flag was high on the ship of Columbus on his voyage?

Spain

9

What European group landed in North America long before Columbus?

The Vikings

10

What treaty allowed Spain to have first right to claim North and South America?

The Treaty of Tordesillas

11

Where does the term "America" come from?

Amerige Veepucci

12

Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the world?

Magellan's crew

13

Who was the first Spaniard to reach the mainland of North America?

Juan Ponce de Leon

14

Juan Ponce de Leon searched for Gold and what...?

The fountain of youth

15

What empire did Hernan Cortes destroy?

The Aztec

16

Why did many Native Americans die after European arrival?

Because the diseases that they brought over with them the Native Americans weren't used to.

17

How far west did Hernando de Soto reach?

As far as Oklahoma

18

What was the encomienda?

The right to demand taxes or labor from Native Americans

19

Who thought the treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish was cruel?

Bartolome de Las Casas

20

What was the religious and historical movement when the Christian church split into
Catholic and Protestant groups?

The Protestant Reformation

21

What was that Columbian Exchange?

An exchange of plants,animals,and diseases that will last forever

22

What countries looked for a Northwest Passage to Asia?

England, France, and The Netherlands

23

Quebec was established by which nation?

The French

24

Who wanted to establish a fishing and fur trade in the Americas?

The Native Americans